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Depth analysis of the optic nerve head (ONH) in the retinal fundus is important for the early detection of glaucoma. In this study, we investigate an automatic reconstruction method for the quantitative depth measurement of the ONH from a stereo retinal fundus image pair. We propose a technique to obtain the depth value from the stereo retinal fundus image(More)
Retinal image examination is useful for early detection of glaucoma, which is a leading cause of permanent blindness. In order to evaluate the presence of glaucoma, ophthalmologists may determine the cup and disc areas and diagnose glaucoma using a vertical cup-to-disc ratio. However, determination of the cup area based on computation algorithm is very(More)
— In a frequency reusing wireless local area network (WLAN), the co-channel interference (CCI) environment will change when new access points (APs) join the network. Therefore, the user throughput reduces if the available channels are not properly re-allocated. A newly joined AP is designed to measure the CCI levels on the available channels to select the(More)
— In the future wireless communication systems, the broadband wireless technology which enables Giga-bps class data services is demanded. Broadband wireless channels become extremely frequency-selective and cause severe inter-symbol interference (ISI). Furthermore, the average received signal power changes in a random manner because of the shadowing and(More)
For the realization of future wireless networks, gigabit wireless technology, which can achieve higher-than-1 Gbps data transmission with extremely low transmit power, is indispensable. We have been studying the distributed antenna network (DAN) and the frequency domain wireless signal processing. In DAN, many antennas or clusters of antennas are spatially(More)
PURPOSE Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a transmembrane receptor that mediates immune responses to exogenous and endogenous ligands and interacts with heat shock proteins, which are reportedly involved in normal tension glaucoma (NTG). This study was undertaken to investigate whether TLR4 polymorphisms are associated with NTG. METHODS Two hundred fifty(More)
The automatic determination of the optic disc area in retinal fundus images can be useful for calculation of the cup-to-disc (CD) ratio in the glaucoma screening. We compared three different methods that employed active contour model (ACM), fuzzy c-mean (FCM) clustering, and artificial neural network (ANN) for the segmentation of the optic disc regions. The(More)
—Recently, we proposed a frequency-domain block signal detection using maximum likelihood detection (MLD) employing QR decomposition and M-algorithm (QRM-MLD) for the cyclic prefix inserted single-carrier (CP-SC) block transmissions. However, if the number of surviving-symbol candidates is small, the achievable bit error rate (BER) performance degrades,(More)