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This paper proposes an algorithm for speech parameter generation from continuous mixture HMMs which include dynamic features, i.e., delta and delta-delta parameters of speech. We show t h a t the parameter generation from HMMs using the dynamic features results in searching for the optimal state sequence and solving a set of linear equations for each(More)
Coordinated control of energy metabolism and glucose homeostasis requires communication between organs and tissues. We identified a neuronal pathway that participates in the cross talk between the liver and adipose tissue. By studying a mouse model, we showed that adenovirus-mediated expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-g2 in the(More)
Absence of or low sensitivity to photoperiod is necessary for short-day crops, such as rice and soybean, to adapt to high latitudes. Photoperiod insensitivity in soybeans is controlled by two genetic systems and involves three important maturity genes: E1, a repressor for two soybean orthologs of Arabidopsis FLOWERING LOCUS T (GmFT2a and GmFT5a), and E3 and(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement of α-tocopherol content is an important breeding aim to increase the nutritional value of crops. Several efforts have been conducted to improve the α-tocopherol content in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] through transgenic technology by overexpressing genes related to α-tocopherol biosynthesis or through changes to crop management(More)
Metabolic regulation in mammals requires communication between multiple organs and tissues. The rise in the incidence of obesity and associated metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes, has renewed interest in interorgan communication. We used mouse models to explore the mechanism whereby obesity enhances pancreatic beta cell mass, pathophysiological(More)
Major components of energy homeostasis, including feeding behavior and glucose and lipid metabolism, are subject to circadian rhythms. Recent studies have suggested that dysfunctions of molecular clock genes are involved in the development of obesity and diabetes. To examine whether metabolic states per se alter the circadian clock in the central nervous(More)
During fasting, animals maintain their energy balance by shifting their energy source from carbohydrates to triglycerides. However, the trigger for this switch has not yet been entirely elucidated. Here we show that a selective hepatic vagotomy slows the speed of fat consumption by attenuating sympathetic nerve-mediated lipolysis in adipose tissue. Hepatic(More)
We have developed a specialized rapid power-estimation methodology for multimedia applications. This methodology has adequate accuracy for the first design of a complicated SoC. For a multimedia application, we developed three new methodologies: an IP-level modeling, a power-level adjustment methodology, and a power accumulation methodology. With these(More)
Metabolic manipulation of plants to improve their nutritional quality is an important goal of plant biotechnology. Expression in rice (Oryza sativa L.) of a transgene (OASA1D) encoding a feedback-insensitive alpha subunit of rice anthranilate synthase results in the accumulation of tryptophan (Trp) in calli and leaves. It is shown here that the amount of(More)