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Understanding tumor-specific metabolism under hypoxia is important to find novel targets for antitumor drug design. Here we found that tumor cells expressed higher levels of cytosolic acetyl-CoA synthetase (ACSS2) under hypoxia than normoxia. Knockdown of ACSS2 by RNA interference (RNAi) in tumor cells enhanced tumor cell death under long-term hypoxia in(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study is to evaluate the reproducibility of semi-quantitative parameters obtained from two 2-deoxy-2-[F-18]fluoro-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) studies using two different PET scanners. METHODS Forty-five patients underwent FDG-PET examination with two different PET scanners on separate days. Two PET images with(More)
UNLABELLED The objective of this study is to reevaluate the clinical significance of 1-11C-acetate (ACE) positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with brain glioma, in comparison with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET. METHODS Ten patients with histologically proven glioma were included in this study. They underwent PET examination with both FDG and(More)
The benefits of multi-detector row CT (MDCT) relative to single-detector row helical CT are considerable. Multi-detector row CT allows shorter acquisition times, greater coverage, and superior image resolution. These factors substantially increase the diagnostic accuracy of the examination. Three-dimensional (3D) volume data from MDCT provides various(More)
PURPOSE To clarify prospectively the relationship between estrogen receptor (ER) expression and glucose metabolism by using 16alpha-[(18)F]fluoro-17beta-estradiol (FES) and fluorine 18 ((18)F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with benign and malignant uterine tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review(More)
UNLABELLED Benign and malignant pulmonary lesions usually are differentiated by 18F-FDG PET with a semiquantitative 18F-FDG standardized uptake value (SUV) of 2.5. However, the frequency of malignancies with an SUV of <2.5 is significant, and pulmonary nodules with low 18F-FDG uptake often present diagnostic challenges. METHODS Among 360 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate cerebral oxidative stress based on an over-reductive state caused by mitochondrial dysfunction and its relationship to disease severity in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using PET with [(62)Cu]diacetyl-bis(N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazone) ((62)Cu-ATSM). METHODS Twelve patients with ALS and 9 age-matched healthy(More)
UNLABELLED The grade of histologic differentiation is one of the most important prognostic factors in patients with endometrial carcinoma and postoperative staging. The aim of this study was to investigate whether 16alpha-(18)F-fluoro-17beta-estradiol ((18)F-FES) and (18)F-FDG PET reflect clinicopathologic features in patients with endometrial tumors. (More)
In stroke-like episodes (SEs) of patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), the detection of preclinically latent lesions is a challenge. We report regional cerebral hyperperfusion observed on arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the preclinical phase more(More)
PURPOSE Pathological data suggest that the rate of oestrogen receptor (ER) expression in uterine sarcoma is significantly lower than in leiomyoma. The present study aimed to investigate whether ER expression using ER imaging agents for positron emission tomography (PET), of which the most successful has been 16α-[18F]-fluoro-17β-oestradiol (FES), is able to(More)