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On-the-fly excited-state quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics molecular dynamics (QM/MM-MD) simulations of thymine in aqueous solution are performed to investigate the role of solvent water molecules on the nonradiative deactivation process. The complete active space second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) method is employed for a thymine molecule as the(More)
Understanding a chemical reaction ultimately requires the knowledge of how each atom in the reactants moves during product formation. Such knowledge is seldom complete and is often limited to an oversimplified reaction coordinate that neglects global motions across the molecular framework. To overcome this limit, we recorded transient impulsive Raman(More)
Boron nitride (BN), which is an insulator with a wide band gap, supported on Au is theoretically suggested and experimentally proved to act as an electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Density-functional theory calculations show that the band gap of a free h-BN monolayer is 4.6 eV but a slight protrusion of the unoccupied BN states toward the(More)
For polyatomic molecules, n-mode coupling representations of the quartic force field (nMR-QFF) are presented, which include terms up to n normal coordinate couplings in a fourth-order polynomial potential energy function. The computational scheme to evaluate third-and fourth-order derivatives by finite differentiations of the energy is fully described. The(More)
The catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of both the pristine and defect-possessing hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) monolayer and H-terminated nanoribbon have been studied theoretically using density functional theory. It is demonstrated that an inert h-BN monolayer can be functionalized and become catalytically active by nitrogen(More)
A comprehensive picture of the ultrafast nonradiative decay mechanisms of three cytosine tautomers (amino-keto, imino-keto, and amino-enol forms) is revealed by high-level ab initio potential energy calculations using the multistate (MS) CASPT2 method and also by on-the-fly excited-state molecular dynamics simulations employing the CASSCF method. To obtain(More)
The mechanisms of the ultrafast nonradiative deactivation of uracil and its substituted derivatives thymine (5-methyluracil) and 5-fluorouracil after absorption of UV light are explored and compared by means of ab initio multistate (MS) CASPT2 calculations. The MS-CASPT2 method is applied for the calculation of potential energy profiles, especially for the(More)
The nonradiative deactivation pathways of cytosine derivatives (cytosine, 5-fluorocytosine, 5-methylcytosine, and 1-methycytosine) and their tautomers are investigated by quantum chemical calculations, and the substituent effects on the deactivation process are examined. The MS-CASPT2 method is employed in the excited-state geometry optimization and also in(More)
The nonradiative decay pathways of jet-cooled para-methoxy methylcinnamate (p-MMC) and para-methoxy ethylcinnamate (p-MEC) have been investigated by picosecond pump-probe and nanosecond UV-Deep UV pump-probe spectroscopy. The possible relaxation pathways were calculated by the (time-dependent) density functional theory. We found that p-MMC and p-MEC at low(More)
Finding all required transition state (TS) structures is an important but hard task in theoretical study of complex reaction mechanisms. In the present article, an efficient automated TS search method, artificial force induced reaction (AFIR), was extended to intramolecular reactions. The AFIR method has been developed for intermolecular associative(More)