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On-the-fly excited-state quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics molecular dynamics (QM/MM-MD) simulations of thymine in aqueous solution are performed to investigate the role of solvent water molecules on the nonradiative deactivation process. The complete active space second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) method is employed for a thymine molecule as the(More)
Understanding a chemical reaction ultimately requires the knowledge of how each atom in the reactants moves during product formation. Such knowledge is seldom complete and is often limited to an oversimplified reaction coordinate that neglects global motions across the molecular framework. To overcome this limit, we recorded transient impulsive Raman(More)
Boron nitride (BN), which is an insulator with a wide band gap, supported on Au is theoretically suggested and experimentally proved to act as an electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Density-functional theory calculations show that the band gap of a free h-BN monolayer is 4.6 eV but a slight protrusion of the unoccupied BN states toward the(More)
A comprehensive picture of the ultrafast nonradiative decay mechanisms of three cytosine tautomers (amino-keto, imino-keto, and amino-enol forms) is revealed by high-level ab initio potential energy calculations using the multistate (MS) CASPT2 method and also by on-the-fly excited-state molecular dynamics simulations employing the CASSCF method. To obtain(More)
The mechanisms of the ultrafast nonradiative deactivation of uracil and its substituted derivatives thymine (5-methyluracil) and 5-fluorouracil after absorption of UV light are explored and compared by means of ab initio multistate (MS) CASPT2 calculations. The MS-CASPT2 method is applied for the calculation of potential energy profiles, especially for the(More)
The nonradiative decay pathways of jet-cooled para-methoxy methylcinnamate (p-MMC) and para-methoxy ethylcinnamate (p-MEC) have been investigated by picosecond pump-probe and nanosecond UV-Deep UV pump-probe spectroscopy. The possible relaxation pathways were calculated by the (time-dependent) density functional theory. We found that p-MMC and p-MEC at low(More)
The catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of both the pristine and defect-possessing hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) monolayer and H-terminated nanoribbon have been studied theoretically using density functional theory. It is demonstrated that an inert h-BN monolayer can be functionalized and become catalytically active by nitrogen(More)
The combination of o-phenylenediamine (opda), which possesses two proton- and electron-pooling capability, with Fe(II) leads to the photochemical hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) in THF at room temperature without addition of photosensitizers. From the THF solution, the tris(o-phenylenediamine) iron(II) complex, [Fe(II)(opda)3](ClO4)2 (1), was isolated as(More)
A systematic search for reaction pathways for the vinylogous Mannich-type reaction was performed by the artificial force induced reaction method. This reaction affords δ-amino-γ-butenolide in one pot by mixing 2-trimethylsiloxyfuran, imine, and water under solvent-free conditions. Surprisingly, the search identified as many as five working pathways. Among(More)
Photoinduced processes in the Watson-Crick guanine-cytosine base pair are comprehensively studied by means of long-range corrected (LC) TDDFT calculations of potential energy profiles using the LC-BLYP and CAM-B3LYP functionals. The ab initio CC2 method and the conventional TDDFT method with the B3LYP functional are also employed to assess the reliability(More)