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In this study we tested the hypothesis that extracellular ATP regulates the function of the pericyte-containing retinal microvessels. Pericytes, which are more numerous in the retina than in any other tissue, are abluminally located cells that may adjust capillary perfusion by contracting and relaxing. At present, knowledge of the vasoactive molecules that(More)
Laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) allows for the quantitative estimation of blood flow in the optic nerve head, choroid, retina and iris in vivo. It was developed to facilitate the non-contact analysis of ocular blood flow in living eyes, utilizing the laser speckle phenomenon. The technique uses a fundus camera, a diode laser, an image sensor, an infrared(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role played by nitric oxide (NO) in the autoregulation of circulation in the optic nerve head (ONH). METHODS The intraocular pressure (IOP) was increased and maintained at 50 mm Hg by the infusion of balanced saline solution (BSS) into the anterior chamber of albino rabbits. Experiments were performed with or without an(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the involvement of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) with angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the vitreous of eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). DESIGN Observational case series. METHODS Angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in the vitreous was(More)
PURPOSE The endothelins (ETs) cause reactive astrogliosis, which involves neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to determine whether blocking the ET signals will protect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from optic nerve injury. METHODS We studied the effect of pretreatment with BQ-123, an(More)
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reaction triggered by antigen capture by immunoglobulin E (IgE) bound to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI) on mast cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of mast cell activation is not completely understood. Here we identify an immunoglobulin-like receptor, Allergin-1, that(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of donepezil hydrochloride, an agent for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), on the cerebral and optic nerve head (ONH) blood flow, visual field defect in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF) that demonstrates an AD-like perfusion pattern. METHODS The subjects were 5 NTG(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the involvement of angiotensin II-dependent vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) via NADPH oxidase in the retina in spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rats, a type 2 diabetic rat model. In SDT rats, the plasma glucose level and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) levels were measured, and effects of angiotensin II receptor blocker(More)
Laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) allows for quantitative estimation of blood flow in the optic nerve head (ONH), choroid and retina, utilizing the laser speckle phenomenon. The basic technology and clinical applications of LSFG-NAVI, the updated model of LSFG, are summarized in this review. For developing a commercial version of LSFG, the special area sensor(More)
PURPOSE This paper compares the outcomes of the Ex-PRESS(®) Glaucoma Filtration Device (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX) implant observed in Japanese patients for 1 year with those of patients undergoing trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The subjects comprised ten eyes of ten cases with open-angle glaucoma for which filtration surgery using Ex-PRESS (P-50) was(More)