Hidehiro Oku14
Hideaki Hara7
14Hidehiro Oku
7Hideaki Hara
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PURPOSE The endothelins (ETs) cause reactive astrogliosis, which involves neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to determine whether blocking the ET signals will protect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from optic nerve injury. METHODS We studied the effect of pretreatment with BQ-123, an(More)
Spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rats are an inbred strain of rats with a non-obese type 2 diabetes mellitus that were isolated from an outbred colony of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Electroretinograms (ERGs) were recorded from SDT and SD (controls) rats at 10- and 44-weeks-of-age to determine their retinal function. The amplitudes and implicit times of the(More)
Laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) allows for quantitative estimation of blood flow in the optic nerve head (ONH), choroid and retina, utilizing the laser speckle phenomenon. The basic technology and clinical applications of LSFG-NAVI, the updated model of LSFG, are summarized in this review. For developing a commercial version of LSFG, the special area sensor(More)
PURPOSE A sight-threatening complication of diabetes is cell death in retinal capillaries. Currently, the mechanisms responsible for this classic manifestation of diabetic retinopathy remain uncertain. The hypothesis for the current study is that diabetes increases the vulnerability of retinal microvessels to the potentially lethal consequences of having(More)
PURPOSE This paper compares the outcomes of the Ex-PRESS(®) Glaucoma Filtration Device (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX) implant observed in Japanese patients for 1 year with those of patients undergoing trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The subjects comprised ten eyes of ten cases with open-angle glaucoma for which filtration surgery using Ex-PRESS (P-50) was(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationships among antioxidant activities, oxidative stress, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the vitreous body and serum from proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) patients. METHODS In 21 patients with PDR and 21 controls with macular hole (MH), the VEGF and lipid peroxide (Nepsilon-hexanoyl-lysine [HEL])(More)
Here, we examined whether amyloid-beta (Abeta) protein participates in cell death and retinal function using three types of transgenic (Tg) mice in vivo [human mutant amyloid precursor protein (APP) Tg (Tg 2576) mice, mutant presenilin-1 (PS-1) knock-in mice, and APP/PS-1 double Tg mice]. ELISA revealed that the insoluble form of Abeta(1-40) was markedly(More)
The purpose if this study was to elucidate how extracellular ATP causes cell death in the retinal microvasculature. Although ATP appears to serve as a vasoactive signal acting via P2X(7) and P2Y(4) purinoceptors, this nucleotide can kill microvascular cells of the retina. Because P2X(7) receptor activation causes transmembrane pores to form and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) in vitreous body and serum in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), and investigate the role of EC-SOD in PDR by evaluating its angiostatic effect, using an in vitro angiogenesis model. To investigate the(More)
  • Seita Morishita, Hidehiro Oku, Taeko Horie, Masahiro Tonari, Teruyo Kida, Akiko Okubo +4 others
  • 2014
Neuroinflammation is involved in the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after optic nerve injury. The purpose of this study was to determine whether systemic simvastatin can suppress neuroinflammation in the optic nerve and rescue RGCs after the optic nerve is crushed. Simvastatin or its vehicle was given through an osmotic minipump beginning one week(More)