Tetsuya Sugiyama

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In this study we tested the hypothesis that extracellular ATP regulates the function of the pericyte-containing retinal microvessels. Pericytes, which are more numerous in the retina than in any other tissue, are abluminally located cells that may adjust capillary perfusion by contracting and relaxing. At present, knowledge of the vasoactive molecules that(More)
PURPOSE The endothelins (ETs) cause reactive astrogliosis, which involves neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to determine whether blocking the ET signals will protect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from optic nerve injury. METHODS We studied the effect of pretreatment with BQ-123, an(More)
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reaction triggered by antigen capture by immunoglobulin E (IgE) bound to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI) on mast cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of mast cell activation is not completely understood. Here we identify an immunoglobulin-like receptor, Allergin-1, that(More)
The effects of an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) on the accumulation of one of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), pentosidine, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and retinal function were investigated in Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rats. Candesartan, an ARB, was administered to SDT rats from 10 to 44 weeks of age and(More)
The purpose if this study was to elucidate how extracellular ATP causes cell death in the retinal microvasculature. Although ATP appears to serve as a vasoactive signal acting via P2X(7) and P2Y(4) purinoceptors, this nucleotide can kill microvascular cells of the retina. Because P2X(7) receptor activation causes transmembrane pores to form and(More)
PURPOSE This paper compares the outcomes of the Ex-PRESS(®) Glaucoma Filtration Device (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX) implant observed in Japanese patients for 1 year with those of patients undergoing trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The subjects comprised ten eyes of ten cases with open-angle glaucoma for which filtration surgery using Ex-PRESS (P-50) was(More)
Laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) allows for the quantitative estimation of blood flow in the optic nerve head, choroid, retina and iris in vivo. It was developed to facilitate the non-contact analysis of ocular blood flow in living eyes, utilizing the laser speckle phenomenon. The technique uses a fundus camera, a diode laser, an image sensor, an infrared(More)
Here, we examined whether amyloid-beta (Abeta) protein participates in cell death and retinal function using three types of transgenic (Tg) mice in vivo [human mutant amyloid precursor protein (APP) Tg (Tg 2576) mice, mutant presenilin-1 (PS-1) knock-in mice, and APP/PS-1 double Tg mice]. ELISA revealed that the insoluble form of Abeta(1-40) was markedly(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of donepezil hydrochloride, an agent for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), on the cerebral and optic nerve head (ONH) blood flow, visual field defect in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF) that demonstrates an AD-like perfusion pattern. METHODS The subjects were 5 NTG(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the involvement of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) with angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the vitreous of eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). DESIGN Observational case series. METHODS Angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in the vitreous was(More)