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The relationship was analyzed between drug resistance and MDR1 (with MDR signifying multiple drug resistance) and glutathione S transferase-pi (GST-pi) gene expression in four stomach and four colon cancer cell lines. Northern blot analysis by pmdr1 probe showed that stomach cancer cell lines had no detectable level of MDR1 mRNA expression. By contrast,(More)
Feasibility of immunohistochemical staining of P-glycoprotein for the prediction of doxorubicin resistance in gastrointestinal cancers was examined. Among 10 cancer cell lines which consist of two gastric cancer cell lines and eight colon cancer cell lines, seven cell lines were stained positively by the monoclonal antibody to P-glycoprotein, C219. In(More)
The succinic dehydrogenase inhibition (SDI) test has been widely used to evaluate the sensitivity of cancer cells to anticancer agents. Recently, the techniques for tissue culture have progressed; the ability to make formazan has improved with the use of methylthiazol tetrazolium bromide (MTT) instead of triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) in this assay.(More)
We established multidrug-resistant human gastric and colon xenograft lines by means of intratumoral injections of four agents, doxorubicin (DXR), cisplatin (CDDP), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and mitomycin C (MMC), into subcutaneous SC1NU and SW480 tumors once a week or less. Such intermittent drug exposure is commonly used in clinical chemotherapeutic protocols.(More)
CPT-11-resistant human gastric and colonic xenograft lines were established by direct intratumoral injection of CPT-11 into subcutaneous SC-1-NU and CC-2-NU tumors in nude mice once a week for 10 months. The resistance of these xenograft lines to CPT-11 was confirmed by growth inhibition rate, to be 36.3% and 45.4%, respectively, compared to each parent(More)
In spite of its reputation as a tumour marker, little is known about the function of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). We examined the mRNA expression of CEA and NCA in 26 gastric and 14 colorectal cancers together with adjacent morphologically normal mucosae. There was no significant difference between the CEA mRNA levels of colorectal cancer and adjacent(More)
Gastric cancer is a common malignant disease in many countries, including Japan, Korea, eastern Europe, Iceland, and South Africa. A good cloning system is desired to investigate the characteristics of gastric cancer. Barranco reported in vitro cloning system for gastric cancer, but the clones used did not show enough difference in their characteristics for(More)
A water-soluble and stable camptothecin derivative, CPT-11, was found to possess a strong antitumor activity against various murine tumors. In the present study, CPT-11 was tested against ten human gastrointestinal cancer xenograft lines carried by nude mice. CPT-11 was very effective against nine xenograft lines, with the exception of one xenograft. On the(More)
In spite of recent progress in the chemotherapy for advanced and recurrent colon cancer, significant prolongation of survival has not been achieved.This failure is attributed to the cancer cells' ability to metastasize and acquire drug resistance. In fact, occult metastase often develop during a therapy which is effective against the primary tumor. This may(More)