Tetsuya Miyamoto

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In male Drosophila, chemosensory cues control many aspects of social behavior. We found that males with a mutated Gustatory receptor 32a gene (Gr32a) show high courtship toward males and mated females, indicating that GR32a functions as a pheromone receptor for a male inhibitory pheromone. Notably, we discovered that tarsal Gr32a-expressing neurons were(More)
Pheromones regulate male social behaviors in Drosophila, but the identities and behavioral role(s) of these chemosensory signals, and how they interact, are incompletely understood. We found that (z)-7-tricosene, a male-enriched cuticular hydrocarbon that was previously shown to inhibit male-male courtship, was essential for normal levels of aggression. The(More)
Internal nutrient sensors play important roles in feeding behavior, yet their molecular structure and mechanism of action are poorly understood. Using Ca(2+) imaging and behavioral assays, we show that the gustatory receptor 43a (Gr43a) functions as a narrowly tuned fructose receptor in taste neurons. Remarkably, Gr43a also functions as a fructose receptor(More)
RNA editing alters genomic nucleotide sequences at the transcript level. In higher plant chloroplasts, C-to-U conversion is known to occur at around 30 specific sites. The tobacco cultivar Nicotiana tabacum is an amphidiploid derived from ancestors of N. sylvestris (maternal) and N. tomentosiformis (paternal). The chloroplast genome of N. tabacum is(More)
RNA editing in higher-plant chloroplasts involves C-to-U conversions at specific sites. Although in vivo analyses have been performed, little is known about the biochemical aspects of chloroplast editing reactions. Here we improved our original in vitro system and devised a procedure for preparing active chloroplast extracts not only from tobacco plants but(More)
Evaluation of food compounds by chemosensory cells is essential for animals to make appropriate feeding decisions. In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, structurally diverse chemicals are detected by multimeric receptors composed of members of a large family of Gustatory receptor (Gr) proteins. Putative sugar and bitter receptors are expressed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Visceral pleural invasion caused by non-small cell lung cancer is a factor in the poor prognosis of patients with that disease. We investigated the relationship between the diagnosis of visceral pleural invasion by using a jet stream of saline solution, which was previously reported as a new cytologic method to more accurately detect the presence(More)
Evaluation of food chemicals is essential to make appropriate feeding decisions. The molecular genetic analysis of Gustatory receptor (Gr) genes and the characterization of the neural circuits that they engage has led to a broad understanding of taste perception in adult Drosophila [1, 2]. For example, eight relatively highly conserved members of the Gr(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of physical training on insulin resistance (IR) in chronic heart failure (CHF) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Fourteen patients with CHF performed physical training using a bicycle ergometer; 9 patients (64%) were hyperinsulinemic and insulin resistant (HOMA IR > 1.97). Exercise tolerance increased (5.1 +/- 1.7 to 6.9 +/- 2.7(More)