Tetsuya Matsuguchi

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To demonstrate the extent of phylogenetic diversity of diazotrophic bacteria associated with rice roots, we characterized phylogenetically 23 nifH gene sequences obtained by PCR amplification of mixed organism DNA extracted directly from rice roots without culturing the organisms. The analyses document the presence of eight novel NifH types, which appear to(More)
Mast cells secrete multiple cytokines and play an important role in allergic inflammation. Although it is widely accepted that bacteria infection occasionally worsens allergic airway inflammation, the mechanism has not been defined. In this study, we show that LPS induced Th2-associated cytokine production such as IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13 from mast cells and(More)
Pyelonephritis, in which renal tubular epithelial cells are directly exposed to bacterial component, is a major predisposing cause of renal insufficiency. Although previous studies have suggested C-C chemokines are involved in the pathogenesis, the exact source and mechanisms of the chemokine secretion remain ambiguous. In this study, we evaluated the(More)
Elongation of telomeres by telomerase replenishes the loss of terminal telomeric DNA repeats during each cell cycle. In budding yeast, Cdc13 plays an essential role in telomere length homeostasis, partly through its interactions with both the telomerase complex and the competing Stn1-Ten1 complex. Previous studies in yeast have shown that telomere(More)
Osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF), a recently identified cytokine of the TNF family, is expressed as a membrane-associated protein in osteoblasts and stromal cells. ODF stimulates the differentiation of osteoclast precursors into osteoclasts in the presence of M-CSF. Here we investigated the effects of LPS on the gene expression of ODF in mouse(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of mammalian homologues of Drosophila Toll and play important roles in host defense. Two of the TLRs, TLR2 and TLR4, mediate the responsiveness to LPS. Here the gene expression of TLR2 and TLR4 was analyzed in mouse macrophages. Mouse splenic macrophages responded to an intraperitoneal injection or in vitro treatment(More)
We recently reported that the number of gamma delta T cells was increased after infection with Escherichia coli in C3H/HeN mice. We here showed that an i.p. injection with native lipid A derived from E. coli induced an increase of gamma delta T cells in the peritoneal cavity of LPS-responsive C3H/HeN mice and, albeit to a lesser degree, also in(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of proteins playing important roles in host defense. Mice defective of functional TLR4 are hyporesponsive to LPS, suggesting that TLR4 is essential for LPS signaling. Here we report the cloning of an alternatively spliced mouse TLR4 (mTLR4) mRNA. The additional exon exists between the second and third exon of the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is recognized by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and activates NF-kappaB and a set of MAP kinases. Here we have investigated proteins associated with the cytoplasmic domain of mouse TLR4 by yeast two-hybrid screening and identified JNK-interacting protein 3 (JIP3), a scaffold protein for JNK, as a TLR4-associated protein. In mammalian(More)
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is involved in the innate immunity by recognizing various bacterial components. We have previously reported that TLR2 gene expression is rapidly induced by LPS or inflammatory cytokines in macrophages, and by TCR engagement or IL-2/IL-15 stimulation in T cells. Here, to investigate the mechanisms governing TLR2 transcription, we(More)