Tetsuya Kouyama

Learn More
Molecular organization and dynamics in protein-rich membranes have been studied by investigating transport (diffusion-concentration product) of molecular oxygen at various locations in reconstituted membranes of bacteriorhodopsin (BR) and L-alpha-dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine. Oxygen transport was evaluated by monitoring the bimolecular collision of(More)
The micellization process of bovine rod outer segment (ROS) membranes is investigated utilizing a series of neutral detergents. It is found that when alkyl(thio)glucosides with an appropriate hydrophillic-lipophilic balance (e.g. octylthioglucoside) are used in combination with a divalent cation, rhodopsin is selectively extracted from ROS membranes at a(More)
When the two-dimensional crystal of bacteriorhodopsin (bR), purple membrane, is incubated at high temperature (32 degreesC) with a small amount of the neutral detergent octylthioglucoside in the presence of the precipitant ammonium sulfate, a large fraction of the membrane fragments is converted into spherical vesicles with a diameter of 50 nm, which are(More)
In the purple membrane of Halobacterium salinarium, bacteriorhodopsin trimers are arranged in a hexagonal lattice. When purple membrane sheets are incubated at high temperature with neutral detergent, membrane vesicularization takes place, yielding inside-out vesicles with a diameter of 50 nm. The vesicular structure becomes unstable at low temperature,(More)
Actin is composed of two well-separated globular domains which are further subdivided into two subdomains [Kabsch, W., Mannherz, H. G., Suck, D., Pai, E. F., & Holmes, K. C. (1990) Nature 347, 37-44]. Subdomains 1 and 2 constitute the small domain, and subdomains 3 and 4 comprise the large domain. In order to test a hinge bending domain motion in actin such(More)
The activity of bacteriorhodopsin was investigated with Halobacterium halobium cell envelopes, which lack cytoplasmic constituents. It was found that the physiological concentration of magnesium ion greatly enhanced the light-induced pH change; under optimal conditions, the pH change of the external medium was as large as 3.5 pH units, even though the(More)
The motional properties of the hydrophobic fluorescent probe 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene have been assessed in liposomes of various lecithins: dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC), dioleoylphosphatidylcholine, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC), 1- palmitoyl-2-linoleoylphosphatidylcholine (PLPC), and(More)
The effect of lipid-protein interaction on the photodynamics of bacteriorhodopsin (bR) was investigated by using partially delipidated purple membrane (pm). When pm was incubated with a mild detergent, Tween 20, the two major lipid components of pm, phospholipids and glycolipids, were released in different ways: the amount of phospholipids released was(More)
The interaction between platelet glycoprotein Ib and von Willebrand factor (vWF) plays a crucial role in platelet-mediated thrombus formation under high-shear-stress conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the antiplatelet profile of a humanized anti-vWF monoclonal antibody, AJW200. In vitro studies were performed with a modified cone-and-plate(More)