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BACKGROUND A novel immunomodulator, KRP-203, the molecular structure of which has some similarity to FTY720, has been developed for use in organ transplantation. The present study was designed to investigate the potency and safety of KRP-203 on allograft survival against both acute and chronic rejection in rat skin and heart transplantation. METHODS AND(More)
Replication of the Escherichia coli chromosome is initiated synchronously from all origins (oriC) present in a cell at a fixed time in the cell cycle under given steady state culture conditions. A mechanism to ensure the cyclic initiation events operates through the chromosomal site, datA, which titrates exceptionally large amounts of the bacterial(More)
(-)-6-(7-Methoxy-2-trifluoromethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone (KCA-1490) is a dual PDE3/4 inhibitor that exhibits potent combined bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory activity. A survey of potential bicyclic heteroaromatic replacement subunits for the pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine core of KCA-1490 has identified the(More)
(-)-6-(7-Methoxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydropyridazin-3(2H)-one (KCA-1490) exhibits moderate dual PDE3/4-inhibitory activity and promises as a combined bronchodilatory/anti-inflammatory agent. N-alkylation of the pyridazinone ring markedly enhances potency against PDE4 but suppresses PDE3 inhibition. Addition of a(More)
In large-type goats that were fed on dry forage twice daily, dry forage intake was markedly suppressed after 40 min of feeding had elapsed. The objective of this study was to determine whether or not marked decreases in dry forage intake after 40 min of feeding are mainly caused by the two factors, that is, ruminal distension and increased plasma osmolality(More)
A structural survey of pyrazolopyridine-pyridazinone phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors was made with a view to optimization of their dual PDE3/4-inhibitory activity for respiratory disease applications. These studies identified (-)-6-(7-methoxy-2-trifluoromethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone (KCA-1490, compound 2ac)(More)
Okinawan Awamori is produced by fermenting steamed indica rice with black mold, yeast, and water. Awamori-pressed lees is a by-product of the Awamori production process. Tofu lees is a by-product of the Tofu production process. This research consisted of two experiments conducted to elucidate whether or not dried Awamori-pressed lees and Tofu lees can be(More)
When ruminants consume dry forage, they also drink large volumes of water. The objective of this study was to clarify which factor produced when feed boluses enter the rumen is mainly responsible for the marked increase in water intake in the second hour of the 2 h feeding period in large-type goats fed on dry forage for 2 h twice daily. Six large-type male(More)
We previously identified KCA-1490 [(-)-6-(7-methoxy-2-trifluoromethyl-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone], a dual PDE3/4 inhibitor. In the present study, we found highly potent selective PDE4 inhibitors derived from the structure of KCA-1490. Among them,(More)
(-)-6-(7-Methoxy-2-trifluoromethylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4,5-dihydro-3-(2H)-pyridazinone (KCA-1490) is a dual PDE3/4 inhibitor that exhibits potent combined bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory activity. Here we show that a 4,4-dimethylpyrazolone subunit serves as an effective surrogate for the 5-methyl-4,5-dihydropyridazin-3(2H)-one ring of(More)