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Few studies have looked at optimal or acceptable serum phenylalanine levels in later life in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). This study examined the oxidative stress status of adolescents and adults with PKU. Forty PKU patients aged over fifteen years were enrolled, and were compared with thirty age-matched controls. Oxidative stress markers,(More)
Free radicals play an important role in the inflammatory process of sepsis. We hypothesized that edaravone, a novel free radical scavenger, can suppress pathophysiological events and prolong survival in a neonatal sepsis cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) model. Of 32 3-day-old anesthetized and mechanically ventilated piglets, 11 received CLP only, 10(More)
Inosine triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase (ITPase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of inosine triphosphate (ITP) to inosine monophosphate and pyrophosphate. In Caucasian populations it is reported that the frequency of cases showing decreased ITPase activity is 5%. The structure of ITPA gene along with five single nucleotide polymorphisms has(More)
The effects of a mixture of the Salacia reticulata (Kotala himbutu) aqueous extract and cyclodextrin (SRCD) on the development of obesity were examined. We studied the effects of SRCD on the elevation of plasma triacylglycerol levels induced by oral administration of a high-fat (HF) liquid diet to male Sprague-Dawley rats. The plasma triacylglycerol(More)
Arthrobacter sp. K-1 β-fructofuranosidase (ArFFase), a glycoside hydrolase family 68 enzyme, catalyzes the hydrolysis and transfructosylation of sucrose. ArFFase is useful for producing a sweetener, lactosucrose (4(G)-β-D-galactosylsucrose). The primary structure of ArFFase is homologous to those of levansucrases, although ArFFase catalyzes mostly(More)
BACKGROUND Valproate (VPA) is a simple fatty acid and a substrate for the fatty acid β-oxidation pathway. Previous data suggested that the toxicity of VPA may be provoked by carnitine deficiency and the inhibition of mitochondrial β-oxidation. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of VPA treatment on carnitine and(More)
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a unique form of chronic pancreatitis characterized by high serum IgG4 concentration and a variety of complicating extra-pancreatic lesions. In particular, lachrymal/salivary gland lesions tend to manifest in a highly active AIP disease state, and several genes are speculated to be associated with the onset of this(More)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has become a prominent method for screening newborns for diseases such as organic acidemia and fatty acid oxidation defects, although current methods cannot separate acylcarnitine isomers. Accurate determination of dicarboxylic acylcarnitines such as methylmalonylcarnitine and glutarylcarnitine has not been carried out,(More)
A study of Sub 1GHz urban path loss models is presented in this paper. This particular frequency band provides optimal transmission characteristics for wireless communication and new WLAN standards may use the Sub 1GHz band for license-exempt data transmission in the near future. New WLAN use cases would be possible to design, such as wireless smart grid(More)
Periventricular leukomalacia is a major neuropathology in preterm infants associated with adverse motor and cognitive outcome. The cerebral blood flow volume of the internal carotid artery and the vertebral artery was measured by ultrasonography at the neck in 36 low-birth-weight infants with gestational age of 25-34 weeks in order to investigate the(More)