Learn More
We purified ghrelin from stomach extracts of a teleost fish, the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) and found that it contained an amide structure at the C-terminal end. Two molecular forms of ghrelin with 21 amino acids were identified by cDNA and mass spectrometric analyses: eel ghrelin-21, GSS(O-n-octanoyl)FLSPSQRPQGKDKKPP RV-amide and eel ghrelin-21-C10,(More)
The alternatively spliced isoform of the nonmuscle myosin II heavy chain B (MHC-B) with an insert of 21 amino acids at the 50- to 20-kDa junction of the globular region of myosin has been demonstrated to be expressed specifically in the central nervous system (CNS) in chicken. To explore the role of this B2 inserted isoform (MHC-B(B2)), immunoblot and(More)
Glucocorticoids are known to impede somatic growth in a wide range of vertebrates. In order to clarify the mechanisms through which they may act in an advanced teleost fish, we examined the effects of cortisol administration on the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)/IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) system in the tilapia (Oreochromis(More)
To clarify the roles of prolactin (PRL) and GH in the control of the immune system, the effects of environmental salinity, hypophysectomy, and PRL and GH administration on several immune functions were examined in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Transfer from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW) did not alter plasma levels of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and(More)
Prolactin (PRL) plays a central role in the freshwater osmoregulation of teleost fish, including the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Consistent with this action, PRL release from the tilapia pituitary increases as extracellular osmolality is reduced both in vitro and in vivo. Dispersed tilapia PRL cells were incubated in a perfusion chamber that allowed(More)
In the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), as in many euryhaline teleost fish, prolactin (PRL) plays a central role in freshwater adaptation, acting on osmoregulatory surfaces to reduce ion and water permeability and increase solute retention. Consistent with these actions, PRL release is stimulated as extracellular osmolality is reduced both in vivo and in(More)
Endocrine cells of the anterior pituitary are controlled by the central nervous system through hormonal interactions and are not believed to receive direct synaptic connections from the brain. Studies suggest that some pituitary cells may be modulated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. We investigated prolactin (PRL)-releasing cells of the anterior(More)
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis (OA) patients with extra-articular deformity is still challenging because angular deformity, canal sclerosis, or the retained hardware that precludes the use of the traditional intramedullary guide. In addition, atypical bone cut for intra-articular correction leads to imbalanced soft tissue gap. Furthermore,(More)
Like other fish species, Mozambique tilapia has three forms of estrogen receptor, ERα, ERβ1, and ERβ2. A primary function of 17β-estradiol (E(2)) in oviparous species is the hepatic induction of the yolk precursor protein, vitellogenin (Vg). To characterize the roles of ERs in Vg production, transactivation assays and an in vivo study were carried out(More)
Osmoregulation is essential to life in complex organisms. The tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, is a euryhaline species capable of maintaining hydromineral balance from early stages of development in either fresh water or in seawater. In adult teleost fish, including the tilapia, the gills are a principal site for ion regulation, but in developing embryos,(More)
  • 1