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There is increasing interest in the bidirectional communication between the mammalian host and prokaryotic cells. Catecholamines (CA), candidate molecules for such communication, are presumed to play an important role in the gut lumen; however, available evidence is limited because of the lack of actual data about luminal CA. This study evaluated luminal CA(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence suggesting the existence of an interaction between commensal microbiota, the gut and the brain. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of commensal microbiota on the host behaviors in a contamination-free environment, which was verified by culture-based methods. METHODS Open-field and marble-burying(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown the short-term or intermediate-term practice of yoga to be useful for ameliorating several mental disorders and psychosomatic disorders. However, little is known about the long-term influences of yoga on the mental state or stress-related biochemical indices. If yoga training has a stress-reduction effect and also(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although accumulating evidence has recently shown that the efferent vagus nerve attenuates systemic inflammation, it remains unclear whether or not the vagus nerve can affect Fas-induced liver apoptosis. We investigated the effect of the vagus nerve by using a selective hepatic vagotomy. METHODS We assessed the mortality and apoptosis in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if pyrogenic cytokines mediated psychological stress-induced hyperthermic response in a patient with psychogenic fever. Despite many case reports on psychogenic fever, the mechanism responsible for how psychological stress increases core body temperature (Tc) in humans is not yet known. CASE PRESENTATION A 13-year-old girl with(More)
RATIONALE Despite accumulating evidence that psychological stress has a short-lasting detrimental effect on asthma, little is known about the way stress in childhood predisposes to adult asthma. OBJECTIVES Using a communication box, we investigated the long-lasting effect of early psychological and physical stress on adult asthma in mice. METHODS Male(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the practice of yoga reduces perceived stress and negative feelings and that it improves psychological symptoms. Our previous study also suggested that long-term yoga training improves stress-related psychological symptoms such as anxiety and anger. However, little is known about the beneficial effects of yoga(More)
Although accumulating clinical evidence has shown that psychological stress worsens cutaneous symptoms by exaggerating scratching behavior, how the stress affects the scratching is unclear. Therefore, we herein investigated this using an animal model of scratching. Male BALB/c mice were exposed to 1h water avoidance stress (WAS) for ten consecutive days.(More)
Species-dependent variations of myocardial ca1-adrenoceptor-mediated positive inotropic effects of epinephrine were assessed in relation to characteristics of ael-receptor bindings and acceleration of phosphatidylinositol metabolism in the isolated rat, rabbit, and dog ventricular myocardium. Epinephrine in the presence of the /3-adrenoceptor antagonist(More)
In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae, amylolytic enzyme production is induced by the presence of maltose. Previously, we identified a putative maltose permease (MalP) gene in the maltose-utilizing cluster of A. oryzae. malP disruption causes a significant decrease in α-amylase activity and maltose consumption, indicating that MalP is a maltose(More)