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BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence suggesting the existence of an interaction between commensal microbiota, the gut and the brain. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of commensal microbiota on the host behaviors in a contamination-free environment, which was verified by culture-based methods. METHODS Open-field and marble-burying(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if pyrogenic cytokines mediated psychological stress-induced hyperthermic response in a patient with psychogenic fever. Despite many case reports on psychogenic fever, the mechanism responsible for how psychological stress increases core body temperature (Tc) in humans is not yet known. CASE PRESENTATION A 13-year-old girl with(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the practice of yoga reduces perceived stress and negative feelings and that it improves psychological symptoms. Our previous study also suggested that long-term yoga training improves stress-related psychological symptoms such as anxiety and anger. However, little is known about the beneficial effects of yoga(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown the short-term or intermediate-term practice of yoga to be useful for ameliorating several mental disorders and psychosomatic disorders. However, little is known about the long-term influences of yoga on the mental state or stress-related biochemical indices. If yoga training has a stress-reduction effect and also(More)
We examined whether an additive treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker, olmesartan, reduces the mortality and morbidity in hypertensive patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, β-blockers, or both. In this prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint study, a total of 1147(More)
Although accumulating clinical evidence has shown that psychological stress worsens cutaneous symptoms by exaggerating scratching behavior, how the stress affects the scratching is unclear. Therefore, we herein investigated this using an animal model of scratching. Male BALB/c mice were exposed to 1h water avoidance stress (WAS) for ten consecutive days.(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) observed in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure syndrome (AHFS) may represent increased neurohumoral activation. The purpose of this study was to examine the prognostic impact of BUN changes during hospitalization on the long-term prognosis of AHFS patients. METHODS AND RESULTS The Tohoku Acute Heart(More)
BACKGROUND The role of psycosocial factors in the disease progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of behavioral patterns and the quality of life (QOL) of patients with CHC. METHODS Two hundred and forty Japanese CHC patients (mean age 62.4 years)(More)
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