BACKGROUND There has been much research on the bioconversion of xylose found in lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol by genetically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the rate of ethanol production from xylose in these xylose-utilizing yeast strains is quite low compared to their glucose fermentation. In this study, two diploid xylose-utilizing S.… (More)
In the present study, comprehensive, quantitative metabolome analysis was carried out on the recombinant glucose/xylose-cofermenting S. cerevisiae strain MA-R4 during fermentation with different carbon sources, including glucose, xylose, or glucose/xylose mixtures. Capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used to determine the… (More)
Previous studies using retinal analogs (Wada, A., Sakai, M., Kinumi, T., Tsujimoto, K., Yamauchi, M. and Ito, M. (1994) J. Org. Chem. 59, 6992-6997; Wada, A., Sakai, M., Imamoto, Y., Shichida., Y., Yoshizawa, T. and Ito, M. (1993) Chem. Pharm. Bull. 41, 793-795) revealed that both retinochrome and visual pigments share a common chromophoric conformation in… (More)
RNA-binding proteins contribute to the formation of ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granules by phase transition, but regulatory mechanisms are not fully understood. Conserved fission yeast NDR (Nuclear Dbf2-Related) kinase Orb6 governs cell morphogenesis in part by spatially controlling Cdc42 GTPase. Here we describe a novel, independent function for Orb6 kinase… (More)
The use of yeasts tolerant to acid (low pH) and salt stress is of industrial importance for several bioproduction processes. To identify new candidate genes having potential roles in low-pH tolerance, we screened an expression genomic DNA library of a multiple-stress-tolerant yeast, Issatchenkia orientalis (Pichia kudriavzevii), for clones that allowed… (More)
Background Lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive raw material for bioethanol production since it is an abundant and renewable feedstock that does not compete with food and feed production . Xylose is the most abundant pentose present on these feedstocks, and although S. cerevisiae cannot readily ferment this sugar, the overexpression of the genes for… (More)
8,16-Ethanoretinal 3 was synthesized from 2-methylcyclohexanone. From the binding experiments of 3 and 8,18-ethanoretinal 2 with apoproteins of sensory rhodopsin I and phoborhodopsin, it was found that retinal was incorporated as 6s-trans conformation in the both proteins.