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Perinatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA, 0.1 and 1 ppm in drinking water applied to mother rats for 6 weeks) has been shown to impair the sexual differentiation in exploratory behavior, but the exact critical period of this disrupting effect is still unknown. In this study, we examined the effects of prenatal exposure to BPA (0.1 ppm in drinking water(More)
HYPOTHESIS Assessment of whether elevation and lowering of the dominant and nondominant arms occur in a similar manner in healthy individuals is clinically important in terms of shoulder disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined the scapulohumeral rhythm (SHR) and performed electromyography (EMG) for the middle deltoid, upper trapezius, lower(More)
[Purpose] This study aimed to clarify the effects of therapeutic ultrasound on range of motion and stretch pain and the relationships between the effects. [Subjects] The subjects were 15 healthy males. [Methods] Subjects performed all three interventions: (1) ultrasound (US group), (2) without powered ultrasound (placebo group), and (3) rest (control(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the 'environmental endocrine disrupters' (EEDs) released by plastics and resin known to interfere with hormonal responses. In this study, female Wistar rats were exposed to low-dose BPA (24 μg/kg/day) during 7 days after giving birth. The male and female offspring, exposed to the BPA through lactation, were evaluated using an(More)
− In this paper, we propose a scheduling method for synchronous communication between threads in the Bach hardware compiler. In this method, all communications are extracted from a behavioral Bach-C description and statically prescheduled to synchronize communications between threads if possible. Then all the operations and communications of each thread are(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to clarify the effects of therapeutic ultrasound on intramuscular local blood circulation (and oxygen dynamics) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). PARTICIPANTS The participants were 11 healthy males. METHODS All participants performed all three trials; (1) the ultrasound (US group), (2) without powered ultrasound (placebo(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine disrupter (EED). Previous studies by our group showed that pre- and postnatal administration of low-level BPA induced depression-like behavior in rats. In this study, we evaluated the effects of prenatal BPA on behavioral responses to a predator odor by using a novel cross-form apparatus consisting of 4(More)
It is generally accepted that nerve fiber conduction velocity is directly proportional to the fiber diameter under the condition, based on a supposition, that the transverse area of axons is normally maintained constant. Using an ideal preparation method for the purpose of axonal discrimination, we examined 43 human spinal cords after making transverse(More)