Tetsuto Nakagawa

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The distribution of acid phosphatases of intermediate molecular weight was determined in various mammalian tissues. The intermediate-molecular-weight acid phosphatases (designated P-II-1 and 2) comprised about 25% of the p-nitrophenyl phosphatase activity in the supernatant of bovine kidney cortex homogenate. The P-II-1 and 2 purified 2,000 fold showed the(More)
Gene silencing using small interfering RNA (siRNA) is not established in avian species. The present study was performed to evaluate RNA interference (RNAi) in the chicken embryo by using a dual fluorescence reporter assay, a plasmid encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) and a plasmid encoding red fluorescent protein (RFP). The siRNA targeting the GFP(More)
We previously reported that rat and mouse neutral ceramidases were mainly localized to plasma membranes as a type II integral membrane protein and partly detached from the cells via processing of the N-terminal/anchor sequence when expressed in HEK293 cells [M. Tani, H. Iida, M. Ito, O-glycosylation of mucin-like domain retains the neutral ceramidase on the(More)
GM1a [Gal beta1-3GalNAc beta1-4(NeuAc alpha2-3)Gal beta1-4Glc beta1-1Cer] is known to support and protect neuronal functions. However, we report that alpha-linolenic acid-containing GM1a (C18:3-GM1a), which was prepared using the reverse hydrolysis reaction of sphingolipid ceramide N-deacylase, induced apoptosis in neuronal cells. Intranucleosomal DNA(More)
Prolonged or repeated agonist activation of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) initiates their desensitization and internalization, rendering them unresponsive to agonist activation. We analyzed how gangliosides and chondroitin sulfate affect B2 bradykinin (BK) receptors (B2Rs). Gangliosides and chondroitin sulfate did not stimulate intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
Gangliosides mediate neuronal differentiation and maturation and are indispensable for the maintenance of brain function and survival. As part of our ongoing efforts to understand signaling pathways related to ganglioside function, we recently demonstrated that neuronal cells react to exogenous gangliosides GT1b and GD1b. Both of these gangliosides are(More)
Sphingolipid metabolites act as lipid mediators in various cellular events. We found that the mucin box and signal/anchor sequence of a rat neutral ceramidase recruit bacterial sphingomyelinase to the plasma membranes of mammalian cells. The mucin box-fused sphingomyelinase hydrolyzed cellular sphingomyelin efficiently to generate ceramide.
Two G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that couple with Gαq/11, B2 bradykinin (BK) receptor (B2R) and ATP/UTP receptor P2Y2 (P2Y2R), are ubiquitously expressed and responsible for vascular tone, inflammation, and pain. We analysed the cellular signalling of P2Y2Rs in cells that express B2Rs. B2R desensitization induced by BK or B2R internalization-inducing(More)