Tetsushi Inoue

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We investigated the bacterial gut microbiota from 32 colonies of wood-feeding termites, comprising four Microcerotermes species (Termitidae) and four Reticulitermes species (Rhinotermitidae), using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and clonal analysis of 16S rRNA. The obtained molecular community profiles were compared statistically(More)
Recently we discovered two novel, deeply branching lineages in the domain Bacteria from termite guts by PCR-based analyses of 16S rRNA (Y. Hongoh, P. Deevong, T. Inoue, S. Moriya, S. Trakulnaleamsai, M. Ohkuma, C. Vongkaluang, N. Noparatnaraporn, and T. Kudo, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:6590-6599, 2005). Here, we report on the specific detection of these(More)
Diverse genes encoding cellulase homologues belonging to glycosyl hydrolase family 45 were identified from the symbiotic protists in the hindgut of the termite Reticulitermes speratus through the use of consensus PCR and the screening of a cDNA library. Fifteen full-length cDNA clones were isolated and sequenced, which encoded polypeptides consisting of(More)
The endo-beta-1,4-glucanase gene was cloned from a cDNA library constructed from the mixed population of symbiotic protists in the hindgut of the lower termite, Coptotermes formosanus, using the lambda ZAP II vector. The recombinant phage library was screened for cellulolytic activity by the Congo red staining procedure. The nucleotide sequence comprised(More)
Cryptocercus cockroaches and lower termites harbour obligate, diverse and unique symbiotic cellulolytic flagellates in their hindgut that are considered critical in the development of social behaviour in their hosts. However, there has been controversy concerning the origin of these symbiotic flagellates. Here, molecular sequences encoding small subunit(More)
Nitrogen (N) fixed by termites was evaluated as a N input to decomposition processes in two tropical forests, a dry deciduous forest (DDF) and the neighboring dry evergreen forest (DEF), Thailand. A diverse group of termite species were assayed by acetylene reduction method and only the wood/litter-feeding termites were found to fix N. More intensive(More)
RsSymEG, an endoglucanase of glycosyl hydrolase family (GHF) 7 encoded by a transcript isolated from the symbiotic protist of the termite Reticulitermes speratus, is expressed in Aspergillus oryzae. Interestingly, purified RsSymEG1 has a relatively higher specific activity (603 micromol min(-1) mg(-1) protein) and V(max) value (769.6 unit/mg protein) than(More)
Microorganisms dwell symbiotically in the termite hindgut. In this study, we identified genes that contribute to the role of the host in maintaining this symbiotic relationship with microorganisms. Body tissue and digestive organs (salivary gland, foregut, midgut, and hindgut) dissected from the lower termite Hodotermopsis sjostedti were used for the(More)
A role of termites in decomposition processes was quantitatively evaluated in a dry evergreen forest (DEF) in Thailand, using respiration rates and biomasses of fungus combs as well as of termites themselves. The termite population and fungus combs mineralized 11.2% of carbon (C) in the annual aboveground litterfall (AAL) by their respiration. Fungus combs(More)