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We investigated the bacterial gut microbiota from 32 colonies of wood-feeding termites, comprising four Microcerotermes species (Termitidae) and four Reticulitermes species (Rhinotermitidae), using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and clonal analysis of 16S rRNA. The obtained molecular community profiles were compared statistically(More)
The endo-beta-1,4-glucanase gene was cloned from a cDNA library constructed from the mixed population of symbiotic protists in the hindgut of the lower termite, Coptotermes formosanus, using the lambda ZAP II vector. The recombinant phage library was screened for cellulolytic activity by the Congo red staining procedure. The nucleotide sequence comprised(More)
Nitrogen (N) fixed by termites was evaluated as a N input to decomposition processes in two tropical forests, a dry deciduous forest (DDF) and the neighboring dry evergreen forest (DEF), Thailand. A diverse group of termite species were assayed by acetylene reduction method and only the wood/litter-feeding termites were found to fix N. More intensive(More)
The families Termitidae and Rhinotermitidae are the most evolved and diverse groups of the social insects, termites (Order Isoptera), showing elaborated morphology and complex behavior. Molecular phylogeny of termites with the emphasis on these families was examined by Bayesian and maximum-likelihood analyses based on DNA sequence of mitochondrial(More)
Diverse genes encoding cellulase homologues belonging to glycosyl hydrolase family 45 were identified from the symbiotic protists in the hindgut of the termite Reticulitermes speratus through the use of consensus PCR and the screening of a cDNA library. Fifteen full-length cDNA clones were isolated and sequenced, which encoded polypeptides consisting of(More)
Cryptocercus cockroaches and lower termites harbour obligate, diverse and unique symbiotic cellulolytic flagellates in their hindgut that are considered critical in the development of social behaviour in their hosts. However, there has been controversy concerning the origin of these symbiotic flagellates. Here, molecular sequences encoding small subunit(More)
Recently we discovered two novel, deeply branching lineages in the domain Bacteria from termite guts by PCR-based analyses of 16S rRNA (Y. Hongoh, P. Deevong, T. Inoue, S. Moriya, S. Trakulnaleamsai, M. Ohkuma, C. Vongkaluang, N. Noparatnaraporn, and T. Kudo, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:6590-6599, 2005). Here, we report on the specific detection of these(More)
Methane and hydrogen emission rates and the δ13C of CH4 were observed for various termites in Australia, Thailand and Japan. Combined with the already reported emission rates of CH4 in the literature, the phylogenetic trend was examined. Emission rates of the observed termites were categorized into five groups: group I with high CH4 and low H2 emission(More)
A newly isolated bacterium, identified as Bacillus subtilis 65, was found to produce raw-starch-digesting alpha-amylase. The electrophoretically homogeneous preparation of enzyme (molecular weight, 68,000) digested and solubilized raw corn starch to glucose and maltose with small amounts of maltooligosaccharides ranging from maltotriose to maltoheptaose.(More)
RsSymEG, an endoglucanase of glycosyl hydrolase family (GHF) 7 encoded by a transcript isolated from the symbiotic protist of the termite Reticulitermes speratus, is expressed in Aspergillus oryzae. Interestingly, purified RsSymEG1 has a relatively higher specific activity (603 micromol min(-1) mg(-1) protein) and V(max) value (769.6 unit/mg protein) than(More)