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Many dramatic alterations in various cellular processes during the cell cycle are known to involve ion channels. In ascidian embryos and Caenorhabditis elegans oocytes, for example, the activity of inwardly rectifying Cl(-) channels is enhanced during the M phase of the cell cycle, but the mechanism underlying this change remains to be established. We show(More)
BACKGROUND Female sex is an independent risk factor for torsade de pointes in long-QT syndrome. In women, QT interval and torsade de pointes risk fluctuate dynamically during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Accumulating clinical evidence suggests a role for progesterone; however, the effect of progesterone on cardiac repolarization remains undetermined.(More)
BACKGROUND Women have longer QTc intervals than men and are at greater risk for arrhythmias associated with long QTc intervals, such as drug-induced torsade de pointes. Recent clinical and experimental data suggest an important role of testosterone in sex-related differences in ventricular repolarization. However, studies on effects of testosterone on ionic(More)
The present study was designed to obtain evidence for direct interactions of G-protein alpha (Galpha) and beta gamma subunits (Gbeta gamma) with N- (alpha1B) and P/Q-type (alpha1A) Ca2+ channels, using synthetic peptides and fusion proteins derived from loop 1 (cytoplasmic loop between repeat I and II) and the C terminus of these channels. For N-type,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the accumulating genetic and molecular investigations into hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), it remains unclear how this condition develops and worsens pathologically and clinically in terms of the genetic-environmental interactions. Establishing a human disease model for HCM would help to elucidate these disease mechanisms; however,(More)
Single-channel airflow monitors developed for screening of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) have conflicting results for accuracy. It was hypothesised that the analytical algorithm is crucial for the performance and the present authors tried to develop a novel computer algorithm. A total of 399 polysomnography (PSG) records were employed, including a(More)
Exposure to maternal stress (MS) and mutations in GAD1, which encodes the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) synthesizing enzyme glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) 67, are both risk factors for psychiatric disorders. However, the relationship between these risk factors remains unclear. Interestingly, the critical period of MS for psychiatric disorders in offspring(More)
Whole-cell voltage-clamp experiments were performed on enzymatically dissociated single ventricular myocytes harvested from feline endocardial and epicardial surfaces. The studies were designed to test the hypothesis that the differences in the amplitude of transient outward current (Ito) contribute to the difference in action potential configuration(More)
The lesions of Kimura disease showed slightly high and very high intensity on T2-weighted MR, and low and intermediate intensity, respectively, on T1-weighted images. The degree of enhancement also differed between the two cases. These discrepancies may be attributable to differing degrees of fibrosis and vascular proliferation.
AIMS Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inheritable and life-threatening disease; however, it is often difficult to determine disease characteristics in sporadic cases with novel mutations, and more precise analysis is necessary for the successful development of evidence-based clinical therapies. This study thus sought to better characterize ion channel cardiac(More)