Tetsuro Urushidani

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Toxicogenomics focuses on assessing the safety of compounds using gene expression profiles. Gene expression signatures from large toxicogenomics databases are expected to perform better than small databases in identifying biomarkers for the prediction and evaluation of drug safety based on a compound's toxicological mechanisms in animal target organs. Over(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (~22 nucleotide) noncoding RNAs that play pivotal roles in regulation of gene expression. The value of miRNAs as circulating biomarkers is now broadly recognized; such tissue-specific biomarkers can be used to monitor tissue injury and several pathophysiological conditions in organs. In addition, miRNA profiles of normal organs(More)
The objective of this work is to establish a procedure to study the stimulation-dependent membrane redistribution and properties of H+-K+-ATPase in an in vitro model system, rabbit isolated gastric glands. Stimulated (10(-4) M histamine plus 10(-5) M forskolin) and resting (10(-4) M metiamide) glands were homogenized and fractionated into PO (40 g, 5 min),(More)
The cellular distribution of parchorin, a new chloride intracellular channel family member, was investigated in rabbit tissues by immunohistochemistry using an antibody recognizing the sequence containing a parchorin-specific repeat. Parchorin preferentially resides in the epithelium of the ducts of the lacrymal, parotid, submandibular, and mammary glands(More)
The aim of this study was to compare gene expression profiles in the different kidney regions as the basis for toxicogenomics. Rat kidney was separated into papilla, medulla and cortex, and total RNA was isolated from these and from the whole slice. Gene expression profiling was performed using Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array. When global normalization(More)
1.1. Introduction The µ opioid receptor agonists, morphine and loperamide, are widely used orally and are suggested to be P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates. P-gp is expressed in the brain, intestine, and various tissues in human and rats. In the intestine, P-gp limits the absorption of certain drugs such as opioids; however, the underlying mechanism has not(More)
L-type calcium channel antagonists, nimodipine and nifedipine, were tested for effects on the survival of purified rat motoneurons in culture. They showed significant activity, with maximum survival at 30 microm after 3 days in culture as high as 75%, which was comparable to the maximum effect obtained with brain-derived neurotrophic factor, a potent(More)
Objective. The objective of this study was to investigate the inotropic mechanisms and the related muscarinic receptor subtype of acetylcholine (ACh) in canine cardiac Purkinje fibers. Materials and Methods. Isolated Purkinje fiber bundles were used for the measurement of contraction. The receptor subtype was determined using PCR and real-time PCR methods.(More)
The parietal cell has three types of activating receptors for acid secretion on its basolateral membrane, i.e., histamine H2, acetylcholine M3, and gastrin CCKB. Activation of acid secretion is achieved by two concomitant functional changes namely: (i) tubulovesicles fuse with the apical secretory membrane, thus recruiting functional pumps to the expanded(More)
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