Tetsuro Takayama

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Mucosal natural killer (NK) cells that produce interleukin (IL)-22 mediate intestinal homeostasis and inflammation in mice. However, their role in the pathogenesis of human inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is not known. We investigated intestinal NK cells in intestinal mucosa samples of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like protein 1A (TL1A) is a member of the TNF superfamily and contributes to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) by stimulating T-helper (Th) 1 cells. In addition to Th1, recent studies have focused on the role of Th17 cells in the pathogenesis of CD. Here we tried to clarify the role of TL1A in Th1 and Th17(More)
Routine diagnosis of the histopathological activity of ulcerative colitis (UC) requires multiple biopsy samples, and an endocytoscopy system (ECS) provides real-time ultra-magnifying microscopic imaging in vivo. We have established an ECS score (ECSS) to determine a histopathological activity index of UC. Fifty-five UC patients (mean age 40.7 years; 67%(More)
Mice that lack the p85alpha regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) are deficient in gastrointestinal and peritoneal mast cells but have dermal mast cells. Accordingly, these mice show impaired bacterial clearance in response to acute septic peritonitis and are highly susceptible to infection by the intestinal nematode Strongyloides(More)
Lamina propria macrophages (LPMs) spontaneously produce large amounts of anti-inflammatory IL-10 and play a central role in regulation of immune responses against commensal bacteria. MCP-1 is a chemokine that plays an important role in recruitment of monocytes and macrophages to inflamed tissues. We demonstrated that, in addition to IL-10, LPMs produced(More)
BACKGROUND The endocytoscopy system (ECS) is a new method to provide real-time super-magnifying microscopic imaging in vivo. Routine diagnosis of amebic colitis requires multiple tests that are both time consuming and costly. OBJECTIVE To determine the feasibility of ECS to directly detect the amebic parasites in vivo. DESIGN Prospective, single-center,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to predict the 6-year incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) using an artificial neural network (ANN) system and multiple logistic regression (MLR) analysis based on clinical factors, including the insulin resistance index calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). DESIGN Subjects were recruited from participants in(More)
Intestinal APCs are considered critical in maintaining the balance between the response against harmful pathogens and the induction of tolerance to commensal bacteria and food Ags. Recently, several studies indicated the presence of gut-specific APC subsets, which possess both macrophage and dendritic cell (DC) markers. These unique APC subsets play(More)
Intravenous (IV) cyclosporine A (CSA) is one of the treatments of choice for patients with steroid-refractory severe ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, we evaluated the overall experience with CSA treatment in UC patients, from their initial response to long-term prognosis. The medical records of 72 patients admitted to our hospital with a severe UC(More)
BACKGROUND Although accumulating studies in Japan show that cytapheresis (CAP) therapy is safe and effective for the induction of remission of moderate or severe ulcerative colitis (UC), the long-term prognosis of UC patients treated with CAP is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term prognosis of UC patients treated with CAP. (More)