Tetsuro Shibakusa

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When ambient temperature is decreased in mammals, autonomic and behavioral heat-gain responses occur to maintain their core temperatures. However, what molecules in cutaneous sensory nerve endings mediate cooling-induced responses is unclear. Recently, transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8) has been identified in cell bodies of sensory neurons as(More)
Ingestion of CLA activates β-oxidation and causes loss of body fat in rodents. We investigated the effects of dietary CLA on endurance capacity and energy metabolism during exercis in mice. Five-week-old male BALB/c mice were fed a control diet containing 1.0% linoleic acid or a diet containing 0.5% CLA that replaced an equivalent amount of linoleic acid(More)
White adipocytes are unique in that they contain large unilocular lipid droplets that occupy most of the cytoplasm. To identify genes involved in the maintenance of mature adipocytes, we expressed dominant-negative PPARgamma in 3T3-L1 cells and performed a microarray screen. The fat-specific protein of 27 kDa (FSP27) was strongly downregulated in this(More)
Physical exercise ameliorates metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity, but the molecular basis of these effects remains elusive. In the present study, we found that exercise up-regulates heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in skeletal muscle. To address the metabolic consequences of such gain of(More)
When viral infection occurs, this information is transmitted to the brain, and symptoms such as fever and tiredness are induced. One of the causes of these symptoms is the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in blood and the brain. In this study, the i.p. administration of polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), a synthetic double-stranded RNA, to(More)
We have previously reported that the concentration of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) increases in the cerebrospinal fluid of rats during exercise and that there is an increase in whole body fat oxidation following the intracisternal administration of TGF-beta. These results led us to postulate that TGF-beta in the brain regulates the enhancement(More)
We have recently reported that inhibition of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in the brain reduced fat-related energy substrates concentrations in response to exercise. We investigated the relevance between the mobilization of fat-related energy substrates (nonesterified fatty acid and ketone bodies) during exercise and the effects of TGF-beta in the(More)
We investigated the effect of beta-oxidation inhibition on the fat ingestive behavior of BALB/c mice. Intraperitoneal administration to mice of mercaptoacetate, an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation, significantly suppressed intake of corn oil but not intake of sucrose solution or laboratory chow. To further examine the effect of mercaptoacetate on the(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a pleiotropic cytokine, regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, and plays a key role in development and tissue homeostasis. TGF-beta functions as an anti-inflammatory cytokine because it suppresses microglia and B-lymphocyte functions, as well as the production of proinflammatory cytokines.(More)
We studied the physiological and behavioral effects of subchronic intracisternal administration of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) for 7 days. Subchronic intracisternal administration of TGF-beta significantly inhibited the increase in body weight of rats but did not affect food intake. In the measurement of locomotor activity after the final(More)