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To evaluate the suitability of a variety of fast voltage-sensitive dyes for optical recording of rapid transmembrane potential activity in the embryonic nervous system, we screened over twenty dyes, including several newly synthesized probes, in three different embryonic neural preparations: cervical vagus nerve bundle, nodose ganglion, and brainstem from(More)
1. Employing an optical method for multiple-site simultaneous recording of electrical activity, we have determined the conduction velocity in cervical vagus nerve bundles isolated from 5- to 21-day-old chick embryos, and investigated its developmental changes. 2. The preparations were stained with a voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dye (NK2761), and(More)
1. A voltage-sensitive dye and multiple-site optical recording of changes in membrane potential were used to reveal the postsynaptic potentials in the early embryonic chick brain stem slice preparation. 2. Vagus-brain stem preparations were isolated from 8-day-old chick embryos and then transverse slice preparations were prepared with both the right and(More)
Spatial dynamic patternings of electrical responses to vagal nerve stimulations in the embryonic chick brainstem preparation were assessed by means of simultaneous multiple-site optical recordings of electrical activity. The vagus/brainstem preparations were dissected from early 7-day-old chick embryos (165-172 h after incubation), and they were stained(More)
The effect of rapidly lowering bathing solution temperature from 36.5 +/- 0.5 degrees C to various low temperatures was examined in guinea-pig ventricular muscle to explore the possible role of intracellular Ca2+ store sites in excitation-contraction coupling. Rapid cooling from 36.5 +/- 0.5 degrees C to below 18 degrees C caused contracture (rapid cooling(More)
We have constructed a new 1020-site optical system for simultaneous recording of transmembrane electrical activity, using a 34 x 34-element photodiode array. This new apparatus permits analyses of the spatio-temporal pattern of neural activity, such as action potentials and postsynaptic potentials, in the central nervous system, at higher spatial and(More)
Changes in absorbance of voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dyes were used to monitor electrical responses in the semilunar ganglion of 4-10-day-old developing chick embryos. The electrical responses were simultaneously recorded from many positions in the ganglion. Stimulation of the afferent nerve fibers (the ophthalmic division of cranial nerve V)(More)
1. In both intact and slice preparations of vagus-brain stem isolated from 3- to 8-day-old chick embryos, the spatial pattern of neural responses to vagal stimulation and its development were assessed by means of multiple-site optical recording of electrical activity, using a voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dye (NK2761) and a 12 x 12-element(More)
Simultaneous analysis of brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) with reference to electroencephalography (EEG) was designed to examine the brainstem function corresponding to the EEG event. With this method, we investigated the brainstem function pre- and during the paroxysmal discharge in human absence seizures classified as primary generalized(More)
Spontaneous action potential and contraction in the early embryonic heart of the rat have been monitored optically using a voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dye together with a multiple-element photodiode matrix array, and the onset of rhythmical action-potential activity in the early phases of rat cardiogenesis was conclusively determined for the(More)