Tetsuro Sakai

Learn More
We evaluated the current incidence and outcome of perioperative pulmonary aspiration (PPA) in the nonobstetric adult population at a tertiary university medical center. A 4-yr retrospective analysis (January 2001-December 2004) was conducted using both quality improvement data and the hospital-wide medical archive recording system. PPA was defined as either(More)
The greatest part of liver allograft injury occurs during reperfusion, not during the cold ischemia phase. The aim of this study, therefore, was to investigate how the severity of postreperfusion syndrome (PRS) influences short-term outcome for the patient and for the liver allograft. Over a 2-year period, 338 consecutive patients who presented for(More)
Myoblast transplantation for cardiac repair has generated beneficial results in both animals and humans; however, poor viability and poor engraftment of myoblasts after implantation in vivo limit their regeneration capacity. We and others have identified and isolated a subpopulation of skeletal muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) that regenerate skeletal(More)
BACKGROUND Liver transplant recipients frequently develop acute kidney injury (AKI), but the predisposing factors and long-term consequences of AKI are not well understood. The aims of this study were to identify predisposing factors for early post-transplant AKI and the impact of AKI on patient and graft survival and to construct a model to predict AKI(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are significant problems in patients undergoing radical head and neck cancer surgery with free flap reconstruction. The objective of the study was to identify the incidence, outcome, and risk factors for PPCs We hypothesized that preoperative pulmonary disease and amount of fluid administered(More)
There is growing evidence that early detection and response to physiological deterioration can improve outcomes for hospitalized infants, children, and adults. A rapid response system (RRS) is a multidisciplinary system to decrease the incidence of in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrests by detecting a crisis event and triggering a response and by dispatching a(More)
Using an optical method for monitoring membrane potential, spontaneous action potentials in the 7-to 9-somite embryonic precontractile chick hearts were measured. The optical action potential in the 7-to 9-somite embryonic heart was lacking ‘phase 0’ and ‘phase 1’ attributable to the fast Na+ current. The embryonic precontractile heart continued to generate(More)
We have studied the spatiotemporal pattern of blebbistatin-induced anomalous electrical activities in isolated rat atrial preparations using the optical mapping of excitation spread. Atrial preparations including the right or left auricle were dissected from adult rat hearts. Each preparation was then stained with a fast merocyanine–rhodanine(More)
Since the 1950s, there has been a continuous increase in the number and coverage of protected areas (PAs) in Iran, and in total 253 PAs have been declared that cover 10.12 % of the country's area. This paper reviews literature addressing Iran's PAs, examines what is known about them, highlights the challenges and lessons learned, and identifies areas where(More)