Tetsuro Ohta

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BACKGROUND Quantitation of aortic regurgitation (AR) using two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography, including vena contracta width (VCW) measurement, is still challenging. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography can directly measure the vena contracta area (VCA), regardless of the rheological characteristics. We intended to assess the possibility of 3D vena(More)
The origin of the pulmonary venous (PV) systolic flow wave is still unclear and could be the atrial relaxation and systolic descent of the atrioventricular plane, which decrease atrial pressure (suction) or raised PV pressure. In atrial fibrillation (AF), loss of atrial contraction and relaxation significantly modifies the systolic PV flow wave. The effect(More)
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