Tetsuro Naruo

Learn More
BACKGROUND In humans, ghrelin has been found to stimulate appetite while PYY3-36 to reduce it; these orexigenic and anorexigenic peptides play significant roles in appetite control. We investigated pre- and postprandial responses of ghrelin and PYY in anorexia nervosa (AN) and the influence of weight gain. METHODS Plasma ghrelin, PYY3-36, glucose and(More)
We investigated changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) before and after weight gain in patients with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN-R) in comparison with findings in normal subjects. We assessed resting rCBF using single photon emission computed tomography with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime in 12 AN-R patients and 11 controls.(More)
Previous studies have shown that a 10-min forced swimming session triggers the release of both vasopressin and oxytocin into the extracellular fluid of the hypothalamic paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic nuclei (SON) in rats. At the same time oxytocin, but not vasopressin, was released from the axon terminals into the blood. Here we combined forced(More)
BACKGROUND It is possible that psychopathological differences exist between the restricting and bulimic forms of anorexia nervosa. We investigated localized differences of brain blood flow of anorexia nervosa patients using SPECT image analysis with statistic parametric mapping (SPM) in an attempt to link brain blood flow patterns to neurophysiologic(More)
OBJECTIVE In recent years great advances have been made in our understanding of the peripheral signals produced within the gastrointestinal tract that regulate appetite, such as ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY). While ghrelin elicites hunger signals, PYY elicites satiety. Therefore, alterations in hormone physiology may play a role in the pathogenesis of(More)
We investigated that factors affecting the duration of in-patient treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa by comparing pretreatment clinical features with the length of hospitalization in 55 patients. Only patients who had completed the entire course of treatment were included in our analysis. Longer hospitalization was correlated with: poor social(More)
Genetic factors have been implicated in playing a significant role in susceptibility to anorexia nervosa (AN). Among many candidate genes for AN, an association with the A allele of the -1438G/A polymorphism in the promoter region of the 5-HT2A receptor has been reported. However, these findings are controversial and all patients studied to date have been(More)
The Met66 allele of the Val66Met polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene has been reported to be associated with anorexia nervosa (AN), and also lower minimum body mass index (BMI) and higher harm avoidance in AN. We genotyped the Val66Met polymorphism (rs6265) in 689 AN cases and 573 control subjects. There were no significant(More)
OBJECTIVE Fasting plasma ghrelin levels play an important role in the pathophysiology of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. Bulimia nervosa (BN) also has been associated with abnormal neuroendocrine regulation. Thus, we examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and plasma ghrelin concentrations in patients with BN for the first time. (More)
Ghrelin has a role in regulating eating behavior and energy metabolism in the central nervous system, and has been reported to play an important role in the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of the present study was to compare fasting plasma ghrelin levels in different subtypes of untreated AN patients. The subjects included 39 female AN(More)