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In Brassica, two self-incompatibility genes, encoding SLG (S locus glycoprotein) and SRK (S-receptor kinase), are located at the S locus and expressed in the stigma. Recent molecular analysis has revealed that the S locus is highly polymorphic and contains several genes, i.e., SLG, SRK, the as-yet-unidentified pollen S gene(s), and other linked genes. In(More)
Translational regulation is an important step of gene expression in chloroplasts. To analyze biochemical mechanisms of translational regulation unique to higher plant chloroplasts, an in vitro translation system has been developed from tobacco chloroplasts. Conditions for chloroplast extraction and the in vitro translation reaction have been optimized with(More)
Three cDNAs encoding RNA-binding proteins were isolated from a tobacco (Nicotiana sylvestris) cDNA library. The predicted proteins (RGP-1) are homologous to each other and consist of a consensus-sequence type RNA-binding domain of 80 amino acids in the N-terminal half and a glycine-rich domain of 61-78 amino acids in the C-terminal half. Nucleic(More)
Recent transcriptome analyses have shown that thousands of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are transcribed from mammalian genomes. Although the number of functionally annotated ncRNAs is still limited, they are known to be frequently retained in the nucleus, where they coordinate regulatory networks of gene expression. Some subnuclear organelles or nuclear bodies(More)
Genetic information in chloroplast DNA is sometimes altered at the transcript level by a process known as RNA editing. Sequence analysis of amplified cDNAs for 69 potential editing sites revealed 13 real editing sites in transcripts of 11 tobacco chloroplast genes. Together with those reported previously, these bring the total of edited sites observed in(More)
The phenomenon of RNA editing has been found to occur in chloroplasts of several angiosperm plants. Comparative analysis of the entire nucleotide sequence of a gymnosperm [Pinus thunbergii (black pine)] chloroplast genome allowed us to predict several potential editing sites in its transcripts. Forty-nine such sites from 14 genes/ORFs were analyzed by(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We examined whether bone marrow (BM) cells can commit to liver-consisting cells during liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy, using mice transplanted with green fluorescent protein (GFP) positive BM from GFP transgenic mice. METHODS Partial hepatectomy or sham operation was performed. Lineage marker analysis of GFP positive liver(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a central role in establishing an oncogenic cascade that drives prostate cancer progression. Some prostate cancers escape androgen dependence and are often associated with an aggressive phenotype. The oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) is expressed in prostate cancers, independent of AR status. However, the role of ERα remains(More)
Paraspeckles are unique subnuclear structures built around a specific long noncoding RNA, NEAT1, which is comprised of two isoforms produced by alternative 3'-end processing (NEAT1_1 and NEAT1_2). To address the precise molecular processes that lead to paraspeckle formation, we identified 35 paraspeckle proteins (PSPs), mainly by colocalization screening(More)
Multiple transcriptional start sites have been identified in the tobacco plastid ribosomal protein generpl32 by RNA mapping and in vitro capping techniques. A promoter with a canonical −10 Pribnow Box (P1) produces a major transcript in leaf chloroplasts. Transcription is also driven from additional promoters in non-photosynthetic plastids from(More)