Tetsuro Hayashida

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OBJECTIVES Vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) is a life threatening complication which may cause nocturnal sudden death in patients with multiple system atrophy. However, the early diagnosis of VCAP is often difficult to make on routine laryngoscopy performed during wakefulness, as stridor, which is the sole symptom of VCAP in the early stage, develops(More)
Bilateral vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) is frequently associated with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and the early clinical manifestation of VCAP is nocturnal inspiratory stridor simulating heavy snoring observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. We examined six MSA patients with nocturnal stridor and four disease controls including(More)
When recording the activity of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle (PCA) with surface electrodes, there is contamination from the surrounding muscles such as the cricopharyngeal muscle. We therefore devised a new oesophageal catheter electrode of the separate type, having three individual surface electrodes for the PCA, cricopharyngeal muscle and diaphragm.(More)
AIM To identify lesions responsible for vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP) in multiple system atrophy (MSA), we performed a morphometric study of the nucleus ambiguus which innervates the intrinsic laryngeal muscles. METHODS Two autopsied cases of MSA presenting with VCAP and one control were examined. Both cases of MSA showed selective neurogenic(More)
We report chronological changes of neuro-otological findings and associated neuropathological findings in 2 patients. Concerning gaze limitation, upward gaze was primarily disturbed, followed by downward gaze and abduction. Adduction tended to be preserved although convergence was disturbed at the early stage. And, upward gaze limitation was followed by(More)
A 72-year-old man developed supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, bradykinesia, rigidity, unsteady gait, dementia, dysphagia, retrocollis, grasp reflex and apraxia of eyelid opening. These findings were compatible with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). At the age of 66, he presented a peculiar phenomenon characterized by simultaneous tonic contraction of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine mechanisms controlling the stapedial reflex in patients with amyotrophic sclerosis (ALS). METHODS The stapedial reflex was examined using impedance audiometry in 38 patients with sporadic ALS and in 25 age matched controls. RESULTS All patients showed normal reflex decay test results. There were no significant differences between(More)
The postcaloric nystagmus (PCN) by positional change from the supine position to the upright position and other neurootological findings were studied. Twenety-one patients with a clinical diagnosis of spinocerebellar degeneration or Arnold-Chiari malformation were studied. There was a significant negative correlation between maximum slow phase eye velocity(More)
We investigated the postcaloric nystagmus that is related to positional change in 24 patients with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) and compared it with that in normal subjects. Six ears of 3 patients exhibited no evaluable caloric response. In 42 ears of 21 patients, the primary phase of caloric nystagmus was definitely observed. In 37 of 42 (88%) ears,(More)
Laryngeal dystonia is characterized by stridor due to vocal cord dystonia and is observed in extrapyramidal disorders. Recently, botulinum toxin injection has been used as a primary therapy. Generally, severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) are frequently complicated by various types of respiratory disorders. We report a SMID case with Japanese(More)