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Tcell antigen receptor (TCR) ligation initiates tyrosine kinase activation, signaling complex assembly, and immune synapse formation. Here, we studied the kinetics and mechanics of signaling complex formation in live Jurkat leukemic T cells using signaling proteins fluorescently tagged with variants of enhanced GFP (EGFP). Within seconds of contacting(More)
Rituximab has markedly improved treatment results for B-cell lymphoma, but there are resistance problems similar to those of other chemotherapy drugs. With regard to the acquisition of rituximab resistance, there have been several reports describing the relation between rituximab and complement regulatory factors or CD20, but many points remain unclear. To(More)
Toll like receptors (TLRs) use Toll-IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adapters, such as myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) and TIR domain-containing adapter inducing IFN-β (TRIF), to induce activation of transcription factors, including NF-κB, MAP kinases, and IFN regulatory factors. TLR signaling also leads to activation of PI3K,(More)
We investigated the efficacy of a dose-intensified double-CHOP regimen followed by high-dose chemotherapy with or without peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) in 11 patients with four types of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Three of the 4 patients with unspecified PTCL (PTCLu) achieved complete response (CR); 1 patient relapsed and 1 died(More)
Despite the importance of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in B-cell development, its activation mechanism still remains elusive. In this study, we show that deletion of both BCAP and CD19 leads to an almost complete block of BCR-mediated Akt activation and to severe defects in generation of immature and mature B cells. The YXXM motifs in BCAP and CD19 are(More)
BCAP was recently cloned as a binding molecule to phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). To investigate the role of BCAP, mutant mice deficient in BCAP were generated. While BCAP-deficient mice are viable, they have decreased numbers of mature B cells and B1 B cell deficiency. The mice produce lower titers of serum immunoglobulin (Ig)M and IgG3, and mount(More)
A 58-year-old HIV-negative woman was admitted to our hospital with abdominal distension. She had a 5-year history of hypothyroidism and a 4-year history of diabetes mellitus. Physical examination revealed ascites. There was no lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly. Laboratory examination showed elevated levels of serum LDH and Al-p, polyclonal(More)
Junctional membrane complexes (JMCs) generated by junctophilins are required for Ca(2+)-mediated communication between cell-surface and intracellular channels in excitable cells. Knockout mice lacking neural junctophilins (JP-DKO) show severe motor defects and irregular cerebellar plasticity due to abolished channel crosstalk in Purkinje cells (PCs). To(More)
Grb2 is an adaptor molecule that couples membrane receptors such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to intracellular signaling pathways. To gain insight into the trafficking pathways followed by these molecules after activation by EGF, we visualized Grb2 and EGFR fused to GFP spectral variants in single live cells. In nonstimulated cells,(More)
Bone remodeling is regulated by local factors that regulate bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts, in addition to hormonal activity. Recent studies have shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as an intracellular signal mediator for osteoclast differentiation. However the role of ROS on osteoblast differentiation is poorly understood.(More)