Tetsuo Yamashita

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The homeostasis of the plasma phosphate level is essential for many biological processes including skeletal mineralization. The reabsorption of phosphate in the kidney is a major determinant of the plasma levels of phosphate. Phosphatonin is a hormone-like factor that specifically inhibits phosphate uptake in renal proximal epithelial cells. Recent studies(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a causative agent of acute hepatitis. The crystal structure of HEV-like particles (HEV-LP) consisting of capsid protein was determined at 3.5-A resolution. The capsid protein exhibited a quite different folding at the protruding and middle domains from the members of the families of Caliciviridae and Tombusviridae, while the shell(More)
The NS3 protein of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a large multifunctional protein possessing protease, helicase, and nucleoside 5'-triphosphatase (NTPase) activities, and plays important roles in the processing of a viral polyprotein and replication. To clarify the enzymatic properties of NS3 protein from a structural point of view, an enzymatically(More)
The type II quinohemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas putida is a periplasmic enzyme that oxidizes substrate alcohols to the aldehyde and transfers electrons first to pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) and then to an internal heme group. The 1.9 A resolution crystal structure reveals that the enzyme contains a large N-terminal eight-stranded beta(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) core protein was detected in both the nucleoli and cytoplasm of mammalian and insect cell lines infected with JEV or transfected with the expression plasmid of the core protein. Mutation analysis revealed that Gly(42) and Pro(43) in the core protein are essential for the nuclear and nucleolar localization. A mutant M4243(More)
L-carnosine is a bioactive dipeptide (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) present in mammalian tissues, including the central nervous system, and has potential neuroprotective and neurotransmitter functions. In mammals, two types of L-carnosine-hydrolyzing enzymes (CN1 and CN2) have been cloned thus far, and they have been classified as metallopeptidases of the M20(More)
Defects of complex I are involved in many human mitochondrial diseases, and therefore we have proposed to use the NDI1 gene encoding a single subunit NADH dehydrogenase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for repair of respiratory activity. The yeast NDI1 gene was successfully introduced into mammalian cell lines. The expressed NDI1 protein was correctly targeted(More)
Although in vitro replication of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) JFH1 clone of genotype 2a (HCVcc) has been developed, a robust cell culture system for the 1a and 1b genotypes, which are the most prevalent viruses in the world and resistant to interferon therapy, has not yet been established. As a surrogate virus system, pseudotype viruses transiently bearing(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) core protein is detected not only in the cytoplasm but also in the nucleoli of infected cells. We previously showed that a mutant JEV lacking the nucleolar localization of the core protein impaired viral replication in mammalian cells. In this study, we identified a nucleolar phosphoprotein B23 as a protein binding with the(More)
To understand the biochemical basis for the function of the rotenone-insensitive internal NADH-quinone (Q) oxidoreductase (Ndi1), we have overexpressed mature Ndi1 in Escherichia coli membranes. The Ndi1 purified from the membranes contained one FAD and showed enzymatic activities comparable with the original Ndi1 isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.(More)