Learn More
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a causative agent of acute hepatitis. The crystal structure of HEV-like particles (HEV-LP) consisting of capsid protein was determined at 3.5-A resolution. The capsid protein exhibited a quite different folding at the protruding and middle domains from the members of the families of Caliciviridae and Tombusviridae, while the shell(More)
The homeostasis of the plasma phosphate level is essential for many biological processes including skeletal mineralization. The reabsorption of phosphate in the kidney is a major determinant of the plasma levels of phosphate. Phosphatonin is a hormone-like factor that specifically inhibits phosphate uptake in renal proximal epithelial cells. Recent studies(More)
In contrast to the extensive studies of light-induced conformational changes in rhodopsin, the cytoplasmic architecture of rhodopsin related to the G protein activation and the selective recognition of G protein subtype is still unclear. Here, we prepared a set of bovine rhodopsin mutants whose cytoplasmic loops were replaced by those of other(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) core protein was detected in both the nucleoli and cytoplasm of mammalian and insect cell lines infected with JEV or transfected with the expression plasmid of the core protein. Mutation analysis revealed that Gly(42) and Pro(43) in the core protein are essential for the nuclear and nucleolar localization. A mutant M4243(More)
Defects of complex I are involved in many human mitochondrial diseases, and therefore we have proposed to use the NDI1 gene encoding a single subunit NADH dehydrogenase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for repair of respiratory activity. The yeast NDI1 gene was successfully introduced into mammalian cell lines. The expressed NDI1 protein was correctly targeted(More)
The type II quinohemoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas putida is a periplasmic enzyme that oxidizes substrate alcohols to the aldehyde and transfers electrons first to pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) and then to an internal heme group. The 1.9 A resolution crystal structure reveals that the enzyme contains a large N-terminal eight-stranded beta(More)
Retinochrome is a member of the rhodopsin family having a chromophore retinal and functioning as a retinal photoisomerase in squid photoreceptor cells. Unlike vertebrate rhodopsins, but like many invertebrate rhodopsins, retinochrome does not have a glutamic acid at position 113 to serve as a counterion for the protonated retinylidene Schiff base. Here we(More)
Although in vitro replication of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) JFH1 clone of genotype 2a (HCVcc) has been developed, a robust cell culture system for the 1a and 1b genotypes, which are the most prevalent viruses in the world and resistant to interferon therapy, has not yet been established. As a surrogate virus system, pseudotype viruses transiently bearing(More)
Bioenergy is efficiently produced in the mitochondria by the respiratory system consisting of complexes I-V. In various organisms, complex I can be replaced by the alternative NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (NDH-2), which catalyzes the transfer of an electron from NADH via FAD to quinone, without proton pumping. The Ndi1 protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
To understand the biochemical basis for the function of the rotenone-insensitive internal NADH-quinone (Q) oxidoreductase (Ndi1), we have overexpressed mature Ndi1 in Escherichia coli membranes. The Ndi1 purified from the membranes contained one FAD and showed enzymatic activities comparable with the original Ndi1 isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.(More)