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Two major structural genomics projects exist in Japan. The oldest, the RIKEN Structural Genomics Initiative, has two major goals: to determine bacterial, mammalian, and plant protein structures by X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy and to perform functional analyses with the target proteins. The newest, the structural genomics project at the(More)
We have improved the productivity of an Escherichia coli cell-free protein synthesis system. First, creatine phosphate and creatine kinase were used as the energy source regeneration system, and the other components of the reaction mixture were optimized. Second, the E. coli S30 cell extract was condensed by dialysis against a polyethylene glycol solution(More)
We developed two methods for stable-isotope labeling of proteins by cell-free synthesis. Firstly, we applied cell-free synthesis to the dual amino acid-selective 13C-15N labeling method, originally developed for in vivo systems by Kainosho and co-workers. For this purpose, we took one of the advantages of a cell-free protein synthesis system; the amino(More)
A survey of hydrothermal activity along the superfast-spreading (approximately 150 millimeters per year) East Pacific Rise shows that hydrothermal plumes overlay approximately 60 percent of the ridge crest between 13 degrees 50' and 18 degrees 40'S, a plume abundance nearly twice that known from any other rige portion of comparable length. Plumes were most(More)
The effect of global warming may be seen even on the top of the Mt. in Japan's northernmost island of Hokkaido where communities of alpine plants having been greatly suffered from the expansion of alien species. During period of last 30 years, several herbaceous species in alpine meadow were largely replaced by dwarf bamboo (Sasa kuriliensis) in the central(More)
―This study presents a supervised subspace learning classification method which can be applied directly to the original set of spectral bands of hyperspectral data for land cover classification purpose. The CLAss-Featuring Information Compression (CLAFIC) method is used to generate the appropriate feature subspace for each class on the training data set by(More)
In Escherichia coli mRNA, the arginine codons AGA/AGG and the isoleucine codon AUA are rarely used with frequencies of about 0.35% and 0.41%, respectively. Six genes with a different number of these codons were expressed in an E. coli in vitro coupled transcription/translation system, which contained either tRNA prepared from E. coli cells carrying a(More)