Tetsuo Ushiku

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PURPOSE EBV-associated gastric carcinoma shows global CpG island methylation of the promoter region of various cancer-related genes. To further clarify the significance of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) status in gastric carcinoma, we investigated methylation profile and clinicopathologic features including overall survival in four subgroups defined(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with Burkitt lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, opportunistic lymphomas in immunocompromised hosts, and a fraction of gastric cancers. Aberrant promoter methylation accompanies human gastric carcinogenesis, though the contribution of EBV to such somatic methylation changes has not been fully clarified. We analyzed(More)
EBV-associated gastric carcinoma is a distinct gastric carcinoma subtype with characteristic morphologic features similar to those of cells that undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. The effect of microRNA abnormalities in carcinogenesis was investigated by measuring the expression of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related microRNAs,(More)
EBV-associated gastric carcinoma is a distinct subset of gastric carcinoma infected with EBV, which shows latency I type expression of EBV latent genes (EBNA1, EBER, BARF0, and LMP2A). To clarify the role of EBV in this type of gastric carcinoma, the cell biological characteristics (growth, apoptosis, and migration) were evaluated in gastric carcinoma cell(More)
EBV-associated gastric carcinoma is a distinct subset of gastric carcinoma infected with EBV, which shows latency I type expression of EBV latent genes (EBNA1, EBER, BARF0, and LMP2A). To clarify the role of EBV in this type of gastric carcinoma, the cell biological characteristics (growth, apo-ptosis, and migration) were evaluated in gastric carcinoma cell(More)
Evaluating HER2 gene amplification is an essential component of therapeutic decision-making for advanced or metastatic gastric cancer. A simple method that is applicable to small, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens is desirable as an adjunct to or as a substitute for currently used HER2 immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have discovered recurrent RHOA mutations in diffuse-type gastric cancers. These reports show mutant RhoA is an important cancer driver and is a potential therapeutic target. This study aims to investigate the clinicopathological features of diffuse-type gastric cancers with RHOA mutation. METHODS We performed a thorough review of(More)
Skull base chordomas containing a sarcomatous component are extremely rare. Here the authors report two new cases in which a recurrent tumor with a sarcomatous component appeared after the patient had undergone charged-particle radiotherapy. Histological examinations performed in Case 1 revealed some retention of epithelial features in the sarcomatous(More)
INTRODUCTION Leiomyosarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract is very rare, with a reported frequency of less than 0.1% of all malignancies of the colorectum. It is important to diagnose leiomyosarcoma definitively by immunohistochemical profiling of smooth muscle actin, desmin, and CD34. True leiomyosarcoma of the colorectum diagnosed by immunnohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is ischemia of the mesentery that is caused by hypoperfusion or vasospasm without any thrombosis. NOMI is difficult to diagnose by physical examination alone. Although angiographic examination of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is the usual diagnostic method used, it is an invasive examination.(More)