Tetsuo Ushiku

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Diffuse-type gastric carcinoma (DGC) is characterized by a highly malignant phenotype with prominent infiltration and stromal induction. We performed whole-exome sequencing on 30 DGC cases and found recurrent RHOA nonsynonymous mutations. With validation sequencing of an additional 57 cases, RHOA mutation was observed in 25.3% (22/87) of DGCs, with(More)
CpG island promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes is one of the most characteristic abnormalities in EBV-associated gastric carcinoma (GC). Aberrant promoter methylation and expression loss of PTEN were evaluated in cancer tissues of GC by methylation-specific PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively, showing that both abnormalities occurred(More)
UNLABELLED Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is one of the major oncogenic viruses and is found in nearly 10% of gastric carcinomas. EBV is known to encode its own microRNAs (miRNAs); however, their roles have not been fully investigated. The present report is the largest series to comprehensively profile the expression of 44 known EBV miRNAs in tissue samples from(More)
Low-grade osteosarcomas comprise a distinct subset of osteosarcomas. They may occasionally dedifferentiate into high-grade tumors, typically in the form of high-grade osteosarcoma, which are histologically indistinguishable from conventional osteosarcomas. MDM2 and CDK4 are often amplified in low-grade osteosarcomas and their dedifferentiated counterparts,(More)
The AT-rich interactive domain 1A gene (ARID1A), which encodes one of the subunits in the Switch/Sucrose Nonfermentable chromatin remodeling complex, carries mutations and is responsible for loss of protein expression in gastric carcinoma, particularly with Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection and a microsatellite instability-high phenotype. We used(More)
EBV-associated gastric carcinoma is a distinct gastric carcinoma subtype with characteristic morphologic features similar to those of cells that undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. The effect of microRNA abnormalities in carcinogenesis was investigated by measuring the expression of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related microRNAs,(More)
PURPOSE EBV-associated gastric carcinoma shows global CpG island methylation of the promoter region of various cancer-related genes. To further clarify the significance of CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) status in gastric carcinoma, we investigated methylation profile and clinicopathologic features including overall survival in four subgroups defined(More)
Parosteal osteosarcoma and low-grade central osteosarcoma are two types of low-grade osteosarcoma that show similar clinical behaviors, histological features, and genetic background (ie, amplified sequences of 12q13-15, including MDM2 and CDK4). Low-grade osteosarcoma is often confused with benign lesions, and ancillary techniques to enhance diagnostic(More)
Mature bone formation in well-differentiated liposarcoma and dedifferentiated liposarcoma has been described as a reactive or "metaplastic" change in most reports, and its neoplastic nature has not been widely appreciated. We herein describe 9 cases of well-differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma with distinct areas of fibroosseous tissue histologically(More)
DNA hypermethylation may play a primary role in the genesis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinoma (GC) (EBVaGC). Methylation-specific PCR targeting CpG-islands demonstrated markedly increased methylation of specific genes, such as p14, p15 and p16 genes, in EBVaGC in vivo. A high frequency of methylation was observed in an EBVaGC strain(More)