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PURPOSE To determine the choroidal thickness (CT) in the macular area of eyes of children with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia and to compare the thickness with that of fellow eyes and age-matched controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-five patients (6.6±2.2 years, mean±SD) with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia and twenty age-matched controls (6.7±1.9(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the high-order aberrations (HoAs) in pseudophakia between 2 foldable acrylic intraocular lenses (IOL) with differences in the tilt of IOL. SETTING Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan. METHOD Sixty-four eyes that had uncomplicated phacoemulsification and IOL implantation were assigned to 1 of 2 groups:(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the effect of total higher-order aberrations (HOAs) on the range of accommodation in pseudophakic eyes and the size of near-vision optotypes. SETTING Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan. METHODS The study comprised 30 patients (44 eyes) who were diagnosed with cataract at Nara University of Medical(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a significant correlation exists between the presence of a bulge in the photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment line and the best-corrected visual acuity in eyes after successful rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. METHODS Patients who had undergone successful RRD repair and had an intact inner segment/outer(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a significant correlation exists between the presence of a bulge in the photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) line and the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in eyes with resolved macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). DESIGN Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Light information is the most important cue of circadian rhythm which synchronizes biological rhythm with external environment. Circadian misalignment of biological rhythm and external environment is associated with increased risk of depression, insomnia, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Increased light transmission by(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of cataract density on the postoperative refractive outcome. METHODS For 59 nuclear cataract eyes, the axial length was preoperatively measured by the IOL Master (Zeiss, Germany) and ultrasound (US; UD-6000, Tomey, Japan) and the cataract density by EAS-1000 (Nidek, Japan). The prediction error was used as evaluation of the(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the amount of accommodation per 1.0 mm forward movement of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL). SETTING Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan. METHODS A ray-focusing equation of pseudophakic eyes was obtained with the ray-tracing method using Mathematica((R)) computer software (Wolfram). At first, it(More)
PURPOSE To calculate the apparent posterior corneal changes after keratorefractive surgery and reevaluate corneal ectasia displayed by Orbscan (Orbtek). SETTING Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan. METHODS Postoperative:preoperative magnification ratio of the posterior surface of the cornea was calculated in a theoretical(More)
To determine whether significant correlations exist between the foveal microstructures and visual outcomes in eyes with resolved central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had a complete resolution of the serous retinal detachment (SRD) and had an intact ellipsoid zone in the fovea in the(More)