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The catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) gene is considered to be a promising schizophrenia susceptibility gene. A common functional polymorphism (Val158Met) in the COMT gene affects dopamine regulation in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Recent studies suggest that this polymorphism contributes to poor prefrontal functions, particularly working memory, in both(More)
Recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have suggested reduced fractional anisotropy (FA) in the white matter (WM) of the brain in patients with schizophrenia. We tried to examine whether such reduction in FA exists and whether such changes in FA progress in an age-dependent manner in a Japanese sample of chronic(More)
Antigen capturing in the skin and antigen trafficking into regional lymph nodes (LN) initiate immune responses. In this study, employing melanin granule (MG) as an easily traceable antigen in two mouse strains that carried steel factor or hepatocyte growth factor transgenes and had melanocytosis in the epidermis or in the dermis respectively, we(More)
We recorded the magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signal from three subjects before, during and after eye movements cued to a tone, self-paced, awake and during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. During sleep we recorded the MEG signal throughout the night together with electroencephalographic (EEG) and electromyographic (EMG) channels to construct a hypnogram.(More)
By making comparisons with the usual manual method, we evaluated an automatic fluorescent image analyzer (Image Titer, Tripath Imaging, Burlington NC), the software for which was developed to simplify measuring indirect immunofluorescent antinuclear antibodies (FANAs). In this new system, images of the stained sample are displayed, and it measures the FANA(More)
We have reported the presence of continuous gamma (30-150 Hz) activity in the human medial temporal lobe (MTL). Since the MTL is involved in learning and memory, we speculated that MTL gamma activity is related to such higher brain functions. It is thus of interest to learn how this activity changes during different states of consciousness. In this study,(More)
The progressive inflammatory process found in transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1)-deficient mice is associated with several manifestations of autoimmunity, including circulating antibodies to nuclear antigens, immune complex deposition, and increased expression of both class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens. The(More)
Both paclitaxel and S-1 are effective against gastric cancer, but the optimal regimen for combined chemotherapy with these drugs remains unclear. This phase I/II study was designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), recommended dose (RD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and objective response rate of paclitaxel in combination with S-1. S-1 was(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is believed to be closely involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) because of its ability to bind to beta-amyloid (Abeta), the primary component of senile plaques. The presence of cystein residues in apoE2 and apoE3 allows these isoforms to form disulfide-linked complexes, such as apo(E-AII) complex and apo(AII-E-AII)(More)
Fas antigen (CD95) is a membrane-associated molecule that mediates apoptotic cell death and may play a role in the induction and maintenance of T cell tolerance. To elucidate the involvement of Fas antigen in human autoimmune diseases, we analysed Fas antigen expression by peripheral T cells from patients with SLE and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using(More)