Tetsuo Murano

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Magnesium-dependent neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) present in plasma membranes is an enzyme that can be activated by stress in the form of inflammatory cytokines, serum deprivation, and hypoxia. The design of small molecule N-SMase inhibitors may offer new therapies for the treatment of inflammation, ischemic injury, and cerebral infarction. Recently,(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors play a key role in angiogenesis. VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) has a tyrosine kinase domain, and, once activated, induces the phosphorylation of cytoplasmic signaling proteins. The phosphorylated VEGFR-2 may be a substrate for intracellular protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) which prevent VEGF(More)
A series of short-chain analogues of N-palmitoylsphingosine-1-phosphate, modified by replacement of the phosphate and the long alkenyl side chain with hydrolytically stable difluoromethylene phosphonate and phenyl, respectively, were prepared to study the structure-activity relationship for inhibition of sphingomyelinase. The study revealed that inhibition(More)
Sphingomyelin (SM) pathway, where sphingomyelinase (SMase) hydrolyzes SM to produce ceramide, has recently been suggested to link to the signaling pathway that determines cell death. Therefore, elucidation of the mechanism by which SMase is activated and the regulation of SMase activity will be an important therapeutic strategy for various cytokine-related(More)
A series of alpha,alpha-difluorobenzylphosphonic acids having a hydrophobic functional group were prepared via the Stille coupling reaction from halogenated alpha,alpha-difluorobenzylphosphonates. Evaluation of inhibitory activity toward protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP 1B) revealed that the ethynyl, phenylethynyl and (E)-styryl groups on the benzene(More)