Tetsuo Matsui

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We evaluated the pharmacological characteristics of (R)-2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-4'-{2-[(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)amino]-ethyl} acetanilide (YM178). YM178 increased cyclic AMP accumulation in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing human beta3-adrenoceptor (AR). The half-maximal effective concentration (EC50) value was 22.4 nM. EC50 values of YM178 for(More)
A lysophospholipid series, such as lysophosphatidic acid, lysophosphatidylserine, and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), is a bioactive lipid mediator with diverse physiological and pathological functions. LPC has been reported to induce insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells, however, the precise mechanism has remained elusive to date. Here we show that(More)
In the search for potent and selective human beta3-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonists as potential drugs for the treatment of obesity and noninsulin-dependent (type II) diabetes, we prepared a novel series of phenoxypropanolamine derivatives containing the thiourea moiety and evaluated their biological activities at human beta3-, beta2-, and beta1-ARs. Among(More)
In the search for potent and selective human beta3-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonists as potential drugs for the treatment of obesity and noninsulin-dependent (type II) diabetes, a novel series of acetanilide-based analogues were prepared and their biological activities were evaluated at the human beta3-, beta2-, and beta1-ARs. Among these compounds,(More)
We report the pathological findings of the skeletal muscle and peripheral nerves from a male 14-months-old thoroughbred horse showing idiopathic knuckling. The affected animal, when in stainding position, presented knuckling at the fetlock joint of both forelegs, and dragged both fore- and hindlegs when attempting forward movement. The skeletal muscles(More)
The G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119) is highly expressed in pancreatic β-cells. On activation, this receptor enhances the effect of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) via the elevation of intracellular cAMP concentrations. Although GPR119 agonists represent promising oral antidiabetic agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes therapy, they(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 119 is involved in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and represents a promising target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes as it is highly expressed in pancreatic β-cells. Although a number of oral GPR119 agonists have been developed, their inability to adequately directly preserve β-cell function limits their(More)
GPR40 is a free fatty acid receptor that has been shown to regulate glucose-dependent insulin secretion. This study aimed to discover novel GPR40 agonists and investigate the whole-body effect on glucose metabolism of GPR40 activation using these novel GPR40 agonists. To identify novel GPR40-specific agonists, we conducted high-throughput chemical compound(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 119 is highly expressed in pancreatic β-cells and enhances the effect of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) on activation. The development of an oral GPR119 agonist that specifically targets the first phase of GSIS represents a promising strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we(More)
In the search for potent and selective human beta3-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonists as potential pharmacotherapies for the treatment of obesity and non-insulin dependent (type II) diabetes, we prepared a novel series of phenylethanolamine derivatives containing acetanilides and evaluated their biological activities at the human beta3-, beta2-, and(More)