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Many studies have reported a movement-related modulation of response in the primary and secondary somatosensory cortices (SI and SII) to a task-irrelevant stimulation in primates. In the present study, magnetoencephalography (MEG) was used to examine the top-down centrifugal regulation of neural responses in the human SI and SII to a task-relevant(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the long-latency activities common to all sensory modalities, electroencephalographic responses to auditory (1000 Hz pure tone), tactile (electrical stimulation to the index finger), visual (simple figure of a star), and noxious (intra-epidermal electrical stimulation to the dorsum of the hand) stimuli were recorded from 27 scalp(More)
The modulation of the somatosensory N140 was examined in a selective attention task where a control condition was applied and the interstimulus interval (ISI) was varied. Electrical stimuli were randomly presented to the left index (p=0.4) and middle fingers (p=0.1), and right index (p=0.4) and middle fingers (p=0.1). In the attend-right condition, subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the changes in the somatosensory P100 and N140 during passive (reading) versus active tasks (counting, button pressing) and oddball (target=20%, standard=80%) versus deviant alone conditions (standards were omitted). METHODS Nine healthy subjects performed the 3 tasks (reading, counting and button pressing) under two conditions.(More)
OBJECTIVE The amount of attentional resources allocated to a task is determined by the intrinsic demands, also denoted as task load or difficulty of the task. Effects of resource allocation on the somatosensory N140 and P300 were investigated in an inter-modal situation using a dual-task methodology. METHODS Under a dual-task condition, subjects(More)
To reveal whether active attention modulates neuronal responses related to passive attention to somatosensory stimuli presented suddenly against a silent background, we examined the passive attention-related change in amplitude of the event-related brain potentials (ERPs), caused by temporal infrequency of stimuli. Eighteen healthy subjects performed(More)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) are invaluable neuroscientific tools for unveiling human neural dynamics in three dimensions (space, time, and frequency), which are associated with a wide variety of perceptions, cognition, and actions. MEG/EEG also provides different categories of neuronal indices including activity magnitude,(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of exercise intensity on arousal level. METHODS Twelve subjects (22-33 years) performed a S1-S2 reaction time task consisting of warning stimulus (S1) and imperative stimulus (S2) in a control condition, and again after low, medium, and high intensity pedaling exercises. During(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated modulation of the short- and long-latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in a forewarned reaction time task. METHODS A pair of warning (auditory) and imperative stimuli (somatosensory) was presented with a 2 s interstimulus interval. In movement condition, subjects responded by grip movement with the ipsilateral hand to(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms underlying sensorimotor integration, we investigated modulation in the primary (SI) and secondary (SII) somatosensory cortices during the preparatory period of a self-initiated finger extension. Electrical stimulation of the right median nerve was applied continuously, while the subjects performed a self-initiated finger(More)