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The objective of this study was to systematically determine the diagnostic accuracy of bedside tests for predicting difficult intubation in patients with no airway pathology. Thirty-five studies (50,760 patients) were selected from electronic databases. The overall incidence of difficult intubation was 5.8% (95% confidence interval, 4.5-7.5%). Screening(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate changes in stroke volume variation (SVV) by both induced hypertension (pressor test) and hypotension (depressor test), and also by induced hypotensive anesthesia in patients with good cardiac function. DESIGN Prospective, controlled clinical study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS 31 ASA physical status 1 and 2(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with suspected thoracic aortic dissection require early and accurate diagnosis. Aortography has been replaced by less invasive imaging techniques including transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), helical computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, accuracies have varied from trial to trial, and which imaging(More)
An open-label study with blinded evaluation was performed to compare the preventive effect of a calcium supplement alone (monotherapy) or calcium supplement plus menatetrenone (combined therapy) on fracture in osteoporotic postmenopausal women aged 50 years or older. Patients were randomized to receive monotherapy (n = 2,193) or combined therapy (n =(More)
IMPLICATIONS A dose of 0.1 mg/kg of verapamil, administered immediately before anesthesia, significantly reduces the increase in peak heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure after electroconvulsive therapy. Furthermore, the administration of verapamil does not reduce the duration of the seizure.
BACKGROUND Magnesium supplementation may reduce the incidence of arrhythmias, which often occur after cardiac surgery; however, recent findings of the effectiveness of magnesium prophylaxis have yielded discrepant results. METHODS We searched electronic databases for randomized controlled trials of magnesium for the prevention of arrhythmias after cardiac(More)
As inhibitors of bone resorption, bisphosphonates and vitamin D derivatives have been extensively used for the treatment of osteoporosis in various parts of the world, but the clinical effects of these two groups of agents have rarely been compared in detail. A multicenter, prospective, double-blind controlled study was started comparing the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE Stroke volume variation (SVV) during controlled mechanical ventilation is a useful predictor in response to volume expansion, and pleth variability index (PVI), a novel algorithm allowing for automated and continuous calculation of the respiratory variations in the pulse oximeter waveform amplitude, can also predict fluid responsiveness(More)
OBJECTIVE Transesophageal echocardiographic examination tends to be somewhat observer and experience dependent, and observer bias can arise easily when data are calculated and interpreted by unskilled, nonblinded, or single observers. The study plan was to see whether authors have adequately described how observer bias is minimized in their studies. Thus, a(More)