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(1) Eye-head coordination was studied in three human beings with absent labyrinthine function. Each subject adopted a unique pattern of adaptive responses to achieve optimal gaze stability. (2) One subject used saccades (even in darkness) to help stabilize gaze. In addition, during rotation of the body with the head stationary in darkness, he made slow and(More)
It has been proposed that the most fundamental units of attentional selection are "objects" that are grouped according to Gestalt factors such as similarity or connectedness. Previous studies using event-related potentials (ERPs) have shown that object-based attention is associated with modulations of the visual-evoked N1 component, which reflects an early(More)
It has been reported that attending to a particular location can modulate incoming sensory signals, as reflected by the stimulus-evoked P1 and N1 components of the visual event-related potential (ERPs) in a two-dimensional (2D) display [Attention, Space, and Action: Studies in Cognitive Neuroscience, Oxford University Press, New York, 1999, p. 31]. In(More)
To elucidate the discriminating processes of surface depth and boundary form in global stereopsis, event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were investigated by the detection of combinations of the attributes in random sequences. The attentional relevance of depth or form was associated with selection negativities (SNs) over the lateral occipito-temporal(More)
This study investigated event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during selective attention to the orientation of a bar comprised of two squares, which were defined by only color or motion (intra-attribute conditions) or both (interattribute condition). An early positive potential in association with orientation selection was elicited for all conditions in(More)
This study examined event-related potentials in a sustained-attention task that involved bilateral stimulus arrays, which were connected or unconnected by a line. Spatial attention was reflected by a large amplitude of posterior event-related potentials at the hemisphere contralateral, rather than ipsilateral, to the attended hemi-field. The earliest(More)
Attention selects objects or groups as the most fundamental unit, and this may be achieved through a process in which attention automatically spreads throughout their entire region. Previously, we found that a lateralized potential relative to an attended hemifield at occipito-temporal electrode sites reflects attention-spreading in response to connected(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether individuals with Asperger's disorder exhibit difficulty in switching attention from a local level to a global level. Eleven participants with Asperger's disorder and 11 age- and gender-matched healthy controls performed a level-repetition switching task using Navon-type hierarchical stimuli. In both(More)
Attention selects objects/groups as the most fundamental units, and this may be achieved by an attention-spreading mechanism. Previous event-related potential (ERP) studies have found that attention-spreading is reflected by a decrease in the N1 spatial attention effect. The present study tested whether the electrophysiological attention effect is(More)
The act of reading leads to the development of specific neural responses for print, the most frequently reported of which is the left occipitotemporal N170 component of event-related potentials. However, it remains unclear whether this electrophysiological response solely involves print-tuned neural activities. The present study examined an early(More)