Tetsuji Yamashita

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PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between diabetic macular edema and the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in aqueous humor and plasma. DESIGN Comparative cross-sectional study. METHODS Fifty-four eyes from 54 diabetic patients were used. The concentrations of VEGF and IL-6 in undiluted aqueous specimens(More)
BACKGROUND A substantial body of evidence exists to support the pivotal role of IL-13 in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. We recently found that a variant of the IL13 gene (Arg110Gln) is genetically associated with bronchial asthma, which is concordant with animal experiments using IL-13 in the development of asthma. OBJECTIVE To address whether the(More)
We examined the effects of IL-9 on human mast cell development from CD34(+) cord blood (CB) and peripheral blood cells in serum-deprived cultures. IL-9 apparently enhanced cell production under stimulation with stem cell factor (SCF) from CD34(+) CB cells. A great majority of the cultured cells grown with SCF + IL-9 became positive for tryptase at 4 wk. In(More)
Spironolactone and eplerenone are widely used as mineralocorticoid antagonists. Spironolactone has several nonspecific actions including inhibition of androgen receptor and steroid hormone biosynthesis. While studies have shown that eplerenone does not exhibit nonspecific actions on androgen receptor, its effects on steroid hormone production have not been(More)
BACKGROUND An inflammatory process may be one of the critical factors that contribute to the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). We reported previously that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is up-regulated and promotes macrophage infiltration in the glomeruli of diabetic rats. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is closely related to angiogenesis in various human cancers. However, little is known of its circulating levels in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We examined circulating VEGF levels in chronic liver disease to assess their clinical significance. Plasma VEGF concentrations were determined, by enzyme immunoassay, in(More)
The squamous cell carcinoma antigens 1 (SCCA1) and SCCA2 belong to the ovalbumin-serpin family. Although SCCA1 and SCCA2 are closely homologous, these two molecules have distinct properties; SCCA1 inhibits cysteine proteinases such as cathepsin K, L, and S, whereas SCCA2 inhibits serine proteinases such as cathepsin G and human mast cell chymase. Although(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) exhibit high Ca(2+) permeabilities and the Ca(2+)-influx through the nAChRs may be involved in regulation of a variety of signal processing in the postsynaptic neurons. The mesencephalic dopamine (DA) neurons receive cholinergic inputs from the brainstem and express abundant nAChRs. Here we report that the(More)
It is well known that midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons receive massive projection from cholinergic neurons in the brainstem. In our preceding report, we showed that Ca(2+)-influx through nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors in the DA neurons subsequently activated an inward current that was sensitive to fulfenamic acid (FFA) and phenytoin, presumably a(More)