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Systemic administration of the cholinergic agonist pilocarpine (350-400 mg/kg, i.p.) to rats induces acute behavioral and EEG status epilepticus followed by apparent complete neurological recovery. In rats receiving higher doses of pilocarpine (i.e., 380-400 mg/kg), recurrent seizures reappear 2-2.5 weeks later and continue to occur as long as the rats are(More)
Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), a plasticizer, has been shown in in vitro studies to be weakly estrogenic, and in in vivo studies to possess testicular toxicity and teratogenicity, but few experimental data on BBP multigeneration effects on reproduction in mammals are available. The present two-generation reproductive study was conducted in male and female(More)
An in vitro slice preparation of combined hippocampus and entorhinal cortex from adult rats was used to study the modalities of generation and propagation, as well as the pharmacological properties of the epileptiform activity induced by the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine (10 microM). Simultaneous field potentials recordings were made from the medial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Accurate discrimination of orbital lymphoma from benign orbital lymphoproliferative disorders is crucial for treatment planning. We evaluated MR imaging including DWI and contrast-enhanced MR imaging for differentiating orbital lymphoma from benign orbital lymphoproliferative disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-seven(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been identified as central mediators in certain signalling events. In the heart, ROS have important functions in ischaemia/reperfusion-induced cardiac injury and in cytokine-stimulated hypertrophy. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is one of the ROS-responsive serine/threonine kinases. Previous studies showed(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and outcome of an oral mucosal screening programme conducted in Japan. All adults over the age of 40 years resident in Tokoname city were invited by letter to attend a free general health screen and oral examinations annually. Twenty- to 39-year-old females were also encouraged to participate. During(More)
Sequestration of m2 receptors (muscarinic acetylcholine receptor m2 subtypes), which was assessed as loss of N-[3H]methylscopolamine ([3H]NMS) binding activity from the cell surface, was examined in COS 7 and BHK-21 cells that had been transfected with expression vectors encoding the m2 receptor and, independently, vectors encoding a G protein-coupled(More)
Ptaquiloside, a potent carcinogen of an illudane-type sesquiterpene glycoside isolated from Pteridium aquilinum, and its related compounds, hypolosides having the same nucleus isolated from the Pteridaceae, exhibited marked mutagenicity in the modified Ames test with Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 using a preincubation at pH 8.5. Illudins M and S,(More)
The potential reproductive toxicity of nonylphenol (NP) was assessed in a two-generation reproductive toxicity study. Groups of 25 male and female Crj:CD (SD) IGS rats were given NP by gavage at levels of 2, 10, or 50 mg/kg, and 25 males and females were given corn oil as controls. No adverse changes in clinical signs were observed in any rats throughout(More)
Oleanolic acid (1) was identified as an anti-HIV principle from several plants, including Rosa woodsii (leaves), Prosopis glandulosa (leaves and twigs), Phoradendron juniperinum (whole plant), Syzygium claviflorum (leaves), Hyptis capitata (whole plant), and Ternstromia gymnanthera (aerial part). It inhibited HIV-1 replication in acutely infected H9 cells(More)