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Renal medullary cells contain high concentrations of sorbitol, inositol, glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC), and betaine, which balance the variably high osmolality of extracellular NaCl. We found that PAP-HT25 (rabbit renal medullary) cells in tissue culture increase their content of all four when medium osmolality is increased by adding NaCl and urea.(More)
Renal medullary cells are normally exposed to high extracellular NaCl as part of the urinary concentrating mechanism. They react to this stress by accumulating sorbitol and other organic osmolytes. PAP-HT25, a line of epithelial cells derived from rabbit renal inner medulla, expresses this response. In hypertonic medium, these cells accumulate large amounts(More)
Microlocalization of mRNA coding for the guanylyl cyclase-coupled atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) receptor was carried out in the rat kidney. We used a combination of reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in individual microdissected renal tubule segments, glomeruli, and vasa recta bundles. Relative quantitation of the resulting(More)
We have developed a procedure to detect specific mRNAs in single renal nephron segments. This approach combines microdissection, reverse transcription (RT) of the target mRNA, and amplification of the resulting cDNA using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). After microdissection, the sample is placed in a tube where it is permeabilized and where all(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that 3-deoxy-3-fluoro-D-glucose (3-FG) is metabolized to 3-deoxy-3-fluoro-D-sorbitol (3-FS), via aldose reductase, and 3-deoxy-3-fluoro-D-fructose (3-FF), via the sorbitol dehydrogenase reaction with 3-FS, in rat cerebral tissue (Kwee, I. L., Nakada, T., and Card, P. J. (1987) J. Neurochem. 49, 428-433). However, the(More)
In order to enhance the internalization of exogenous gene and add cell specificity to non-viral vectors, receptor-binding elements have been widely utilized to mimic the virus infection. Herein, for the purpose of intensifying the effects of the ligand on gene delivery, dual receptor-binding elements, transferrin (Tf) and transforming growth factor alpha(More)
Renal medullary cells are normally exposed to a variably high extracellular NaCl concentration. They compensate by accumulating large amounts of organic osmolytes, including sorbitol and betaine. The sorbitol is synthesized from glucose, catalyzed by aldose reductase. Previously, inhibition of aldose reductase activity was noted to greatly reduce renal(More)
The small GTPase Ran plays important roles in multiple aspects of cellular function. Maximal RanGAP activity is achieved with the aid of RanBP1 and/or presumably of RanBP2. Here, we show that RanBP1-knockout mice are unexpectedly viable, and exhibit male infertility due to a spermatogenesis arrest, presumably caused by down-regulation of RanBP2 during(More)
We recently demonstrated that the expression of the importin α subtype is switched from α2 to α1 during neural differentiation in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and that this switching has a major impact on cell differentiation. In this study, we report a cell-fate determination mechanism in which importin α2 negatively regulates the nuclear import of(More)