Tetsuichiro Inai

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Angiogenesis inhibitors are receiving increased attention as cancer therapeutics, but little is known of the cellular effects of these inhibitors on tumor vessels. We sought to determine whether two agents, AG013736 and VEGF-Trap, that inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling, merely stop angiogenesis or cause regression of existing tumor(More)
Inhibitors of VEGF signaling can block angiogenesis and reduce tumor vascularity, but little is known about the reversibility of these changes after treatment ends. In the present study, regrowth of blood vessels in spontaneous RIP-Tag2 tumors and implanted Lewis lung carcinomas in mice was assessed after inhibition of VEGF receptor signaling by AG-013736(More)
Tight junctions (TJs) create a paracellular permeability barrier and also act as a fence preventing intermixing of proteins and lipids between the apical and basolateral plasma membranes. Recently, claudin-1 has been identified as an integral membrane protein localizing at TJs, and introduced claudin-1 can form TJ-like networks in fibroblasts. To(More)
The expression and localization of gap junction family proteins (connexins) were examined in nonstimulated and gonadotrophin-stimulated ovarian follicles of immature rats. Immunoblot and RNA blot analysis showed the presence of connexin (Cx) 43, Cx40 and Cx45 in ovarian tissue. Of these connexin proteins, Cx43 and Cx45 were identified by immunofluorescent(More)
Using specific antibodies and cDNA probe, we examined the expression pattern of a major gap junction protein, connexin43 (Cx43), in rat mammary glands during pregnancy and lactation. Double immuno-fluorescence revealed that the labeling of Cx43 was superimposed in the alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive cells, suggesting that myoepithelial cell were(More)
Recent studies suggest that the morphological and physiological properties of tight junctions (TJs) are determined by the combination and mixing ratios of claudin isoforms. In this study, we tried to characterize mouse cell lines by expression of claudin isoforms to use for studying epithelial TJs by overexpression or suppression of claudin(s) in the cells(More)
Tektins are composed of a family of filament-forming proteins localized in cilia and flagella. Four types of mammalian Tektins have been reported, and at least two types of Tektins, Tektin2 and Tektin4, have been verified to be present in sperm flagella. A new member of the TEKTIN gene family, which was designated as rat Tektin5, was obtained by PCR(More)
Tight junctions regulate paracellular permeability, create the luminal fluid microenvironment of blood vessels and the digestive tract, and also form the protective barrier in the stratified epithelium including the epidermis. Claudins are the integral membrane proteins at tight junctions and form a multigene family composed of at least 24 members, but(More)
Endothelial expression of the gap junction proteins, connexin (Cx) 37, Cx40, and Cx43, varies within the vascular network. While previous studies suggest that shear stress may upregulate Cx43, it is not well understood if shear stress affects the expression of all endothelial connexins and to what extent. Endothelial cells on the upstream and downstream(More)
In order to examine the synthesis and secretion of enamel protein by ameloblasts in their early stages of development, immunohistochemical localization was carried out at light and electron microscopic levels using a monoclonal antibody produced in a preliminary experiment. Materials used were tooth germs of mandibular first molars of rats at 0-5 days after(More)