Tetsuhiko Toyoshima

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In the course of an experiment involving brother-sister matings between ddN strain mice, mice occurred with an unusual facial appearance (flat-face). Subsequently, 4 mice with flat-face were bred from the litters of the second birth (ca. 10% frequency). This flat-face was assumed to be the result of a malformed short nose, hypoplastic maxilla and mandible,(More)
The long-term effects of post-ischaemic hypothermia are controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term effects of post-ischaemic hypothermia on neuronal survival in gerbils in terms of morphology and function. Hypothermia was induced at 32 degrees C for 4 h immediately after ischaemia. Examination was performed at 1 week and at 1(More)
The present study investigates the potential protective effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and underlying mechanisms in a gerbil model of global cerebral ischemia. We examined neuronal death, inflammatory reaction and neurogenesis in hippocampus 72 h after transient forebrain ischemia and investigated functional deficits. G-CSF was(More)
The implication of low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (p75NGFR), which is believed to play a pro-apoptotic role, in delayed neuronal death (DND) after ischemia in the gerbil hippocampus was investigated. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis revealed that the presence of p75 NGFR immunoreactivity (IR) was negligible in the hippocampus of the(More)
To study the sexual dimorphism of human corpus cauosum (CC), we analyzed the midsaggital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) morphometry in 67 adults aged (mean+/-s.d.) 36.82+/-9.35 years. Four specific angles of the CC were determined. All four angles in 34 females and 33 age-matched males showed a significant difference between females and males. These(More)
The present study investigates the neurological protective effects of edaravone against global brain ischemia. Gerbils were treated with edaravone (3mg/kg; i.p.) 30min before transient forebrain ischemia, which was induced by occluding the bilateral common carotid artery for 5min. The effects of edaravone were examined by measuring neuronal damage and(More)
The current study examined 3CB2, a marker of radial glia, expression after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and intracerebral thrombin injection. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats received an intracaudate injection of 100 microl autologous whole blood or 5 U thrombin (50 microl). Animals were sacrificed for Western blotting to quantify 3CB2 expression, and for(More)
Calbindin-D28K (Calbindin) is a member of the superfamily of calcium-binding proteins that is implicated in the regulation of intracellular calcium. In the adult mammalian brain, calbindin was thought to be present only in neurones, where it is believed to serve a neuroprotective role. We now report the expression of calbindin after ischaemia in reactive(More)
The neurotoxicity of epsilon-toxin, one of the major lethal toxins produced by Clostridium perfringens type B, was studied by histological examination of the rat brain. When the toxin was injected intravenously at a lethal dose (100 ng/kg), neuronal damage was observed in many areas of the brain. Injection of the toxin at a sublethal dose (50 ng/kg) caused(More)
The present study investigates the anti-oxidative effects of D-allose on ischemic damage. Rats were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1 h under pentobarbital anesthesia. D-allose was intravenously infused during occlusion and a further 1 h after reperfusion (400 mg/kg). The effects of D-allose on focal cerebral ischemia were(More)