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OBJECTIVE Soluble oligomers of amyloid beta (Abeta), rather than amyloid fibrils, have been proposed to initiate synaptic and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there is no direct evidence in humans that this mechanism can cause AD. Here, we report a novel amyloid precursor protein (APP) mutation that may provide evidence to address(More)
The present study investigated the effects of amyloid-beta peptides on nicotinic ACh receptors (Torpedo, alpha 4 beta 2, and alpha 7 receptors) and AMPA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes by monitoring whole-cell membrane currents. Ten-minutes treatment with amyloid-beta(1-42) (1 microM) inhibited Torpedo ACh receptor currents, reaching 53% of original(More)
Neurons in the strata intermediale and profundum of the cat superior colliculus (SC) previously have been shown to be organized somatotopically and to respond to tactile stimuli. The stimulus properties required for neuronal activation suggest that these neurons are excited by inputs from selected classes of high-velocity, sensitive cutaneous(More)
This study examined the effect of 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA), a newly synthesized linoleic acid derivative with cyclopropane rings instead of cis-double bonds, on protein kinase C (PKC) activity. In the in situ PKC assay with reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, DCP-LA significantly activated PKC(More)
The linoleic acid derivative 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA) activated Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) by inhibiting protein phosphatase-1 (PP-1). DCP-LA induced a transient huge facilitation of synaptic transmission monitored from the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices, which was largely(More)
Linoleic acid (C18:2omega6) (10 microM) depressed ACh-evoked whole-cell membrane currents followed by potentiation of the currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing Torpedo ACh receptors. The potentiation was never obtained with linoleoylamide (10 microM), which contains CONH2 instead of COOH on linoleic acid. In the assay of protein kinase C (PKC) using a(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors, such as alpha7, alpha3beta4 and alpha4beta2 receptors in the hippocampus, are suggested to modulate neurotransmitter release. 8-[2-(2-Pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA) (100 nM), a linoleic acid derivative, potentiated responses of alpha7, alpha3beta4 and alpha4beta2 ACh receptors expressed(More)
In the water-maze test, the linoleic acid derivative, 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA) (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), significantly shortened the prolonged latency for accelerated-senescence-prone mice 8 (SAMP8), reaching a level similar to the latency for accelerated-senescence-resistant mice 1 (SAMR1) as control. In the(More)
The present study examined noradrenaline-induced modulation of ATP-evoked currents in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons after sciatic nerve injury (transection). ATP (10 microM) generated fast/mixed type of whole-cell membrane currents, possibly as mediated via P2X(3)/P2X(3)-like receptors, and slow type of the currents, possibly as mediated via P2X(2/3)(More)
In the assay of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) with a high-performance liquid chromatography, spontaneous release of glutamate and GABA from rat hippocampal slices was significantly enhanced by mecamylamine, an inhibitor of non-alpha7 ACh receptors, or alpha-bungarotoxin, an inhibitor of alpha7 ACh receptors in the absence of tetrodotoxin(More)