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The prevalence of helminths in pigs was investigated in five rural communities situated on the embankment of Dongting Lake in Zhiyang County, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China, in an area known to be endemic for Schistosoma japonicum. The helminth prevalences identified on the basis of faecal egg count analysis were: Oesophagostomum spp. (86.7%),(More)
Thirty-three pigs were sequentially infected with Oesophagostomum spp, Metastrongylus spp, and Trichuris suis while being maintained in lots contaminated with space Ascaris suum, Strongyloides ransomi, and other parasites. Pigs were assigned to 1 of 3 groups on the basis of weight (6.8 to 25.9 kg), sex, and litter. Pigs in the 1st group were used as(More)
Demodex gatoi sp. nov. is described in all its life stages from the domestic cat. The host was diagnosed with presumptive feline acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and harbored enormous numbers of both D. gatoi and D. cati Hirst, 1919. Unlike D. cati, which inhabits the hair follicles, D. gatoi resides on the epidermal surface. More than half of the D.(More)
Thirty-two pigs (average 26.6 kg live weight) were individually housed and fed to study the effect of an infection of Ascaris suum (either 0, 600, 6,000 or 60,000 A. suum eggs/pig) on performance of growing-finishing pigs. Increasing the level of A. suum infection produced linear (P less than .07) and quadratic (P less than .09) effects on final weight,(More)
For two consecutive years, determinations were made of the prevalence and abundance of coccidian oocysts from crossbred beef calves raised on Bahia grass pastures in the coastal plain area of Georgia. Of the 534 fecal samples collected during the survey, 461 (86.3%) contained one or more species of coccidian oocysts. The total mean oocysts per gram of feces(More)
Parastrongylus (=Angiostrongylus) cantonensis, a lung worm of rats, was first reported in the United States in 1987, with a probable introduction by infected rats from ships docking in New Orleans, Louisiana, during the mid-1980s. Since then, it has been reported in nonhuman primates and a boy from New Orleans, and in a horse from Picayune, Mississippi, a(More)
The nodular worms (Oesophagostomum spp) are important parasites of food animals and primates. The archaic line that parasitizes pigs appears to be less pathogenic than the parallel evolutionary lines in ruminants and primates. Morphological types of O. dentatum in pigs and an apparent new host record for O. venulosum, which normally affects sheep and wild(More)
Prenatal infection of pigs with Strongyloides ransomi occurred in 12% of 104 pigs and in 14% of 21 litters farrowed by 13 sows experimentally exposed to infective larvae as weanlings. Transmammary passage was observed in 38 of 39 litters studied. Milk samples obtained from 14 sows showed that larvae were usually shed in the colostrum within 24 hours after(More)
Experimental infections of pigs with Strongyloides ransomi, Stephanurus dentatus, Ascaris suum, Oesophagostomum spp. or Trichuris suis at increasing levels generally decrease daily gain and increase feed to gain ratio linearly. At lower, subclinical levels of infection, the feed to gain ratio typically is increased 3% to 6% by an infection. Based on(More)