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The neurohypophysial peptides of the vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) families regulate salt and water homeostasis and reproduction through distinct G protein-coupled receptors. The current thinking is that there are four neurohypophysial hormone receptors (V1aR, V1bR, V2R, and OTR) in vertebrates, and their evolutionary history is still debated. We(More)
The natriuretic peptide system is a complex family of peptides and receptors that is primarily linked to the maintenance of osmotic and cardiovascular homeostasis. A natriuretic peptide system is present in each vertebrate class but there are varying degrees of complexity in the system. In agnathans and chondrichthyians, only one natriuretic peptide has(More)
Sodium/proton exchangers (NHE) are transmembrane proteins that facilitate the exchange of a Na(+) ion for a H(+) ion across cellular membranes. The NHE are present in the gills of fishes and are believed to function in acid-base regulation by driving the extrusion of protons across the branchial epithelium in exchange for Na(+) in the water. In this study,(More)
Natriuretic peptide binding sites were examined in the gills of the hagfish Eptatretus cirrhatus (Class Agnatha, subfamily Eptatretinae) using radio-ligand binding techniques, molecular cloning and guanylyl cyclase assays. Iodinated rat atrial natriuretic peptide ((125)I-rANP) and iodinated porcine C-type natriuretic peptide ((125)I-pCNP) bound specifically(More)
The distribution and nature of natriuretic peptide binding sites was determined in the gills of the toadfish, Opsanus beta. Specific 125I-labeled rat atrial natriuretic peptide (rANP) and 125I-labeled porcine C-type natriuretic peptide (pCNP) binding sites were observed on the afferent and efferent filamental arteries and lamellar arterioles, and on the(More)
The distribution and nature of natriuretic peptide receptors (NPR) in the gills of dogfish, Squalus acanthias, were examined by tissue section autoradiography, competition analysis, protein electrophoresis, guanylate cyclase (GC) assays, and molecular cloning. Specific NP binding occurred on the gill filaments, but not on the interbranchial septum or gill(More)
This study investigated vasodilator mechanisms in the dorsal aorta of the elephant fish, Callorhinchus milii, using anatomical and physiological approaches. Nitric oxide synthase could only be located in the perivascular nerve fibres and not the endothelium of the dorsal aorta, using NADPH histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. In vitro organ bath(More)
A range of homologous (trout ANP, trout CNP, trout VNP) and heterologous (eel ANP, eel ANP-NH2, rat ANP, porcine CNP) NPs were tested for their effect on guanylyl cyclase in gill and kidney membrane preparations from freshwater and seawater-acclimated rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon. All NPs stimulated guanylyl cyclase at 1 μmol l−1in all preparations.(More)
Natriuretic peptides are linked to osmoregulation, cardiovascular and volume regulation in fishes. The peptides bind to two guanylyl-cyclase-linked receptors, natriuretic peptide receptor-A (NPR-A) and NPR-B, to elicit their effects. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) binds principally to NPR-A, whereas C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) binds to NPR-B. The(More)
Selective determination of morphine in the larvae of Calliphora stygia (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) using acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence detection coupled with flow injection analysis and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is described. Larvae of C. stygia were reared on minced meat substrates that had been spiked with(More)