Teruyuki Nakanishi

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The classical MHC class I genes have been known to be highly polymorphic in various vertebrates. To date, putative allelic sequences of the classical MHC class I genes in teleost fish have been reported in several studies. However, the establishment of their allelic status has been hampered in most cases by the lack of appropriate genomic information. In(More)
We have isolated and characterized cDNAs and genes for pufferfish, Fugu rubripes, (Fugu) orthologues of mammalian interleukin (IL)-12 subunits (IL-12 p35 and IL-12 p40). The deduced amino acid sequences of the Fugu IL-12 subunits showed homology with mammalian IL-12 subunits (p35: 50.4–58.0% similarity; p40: 51.2–55.4% similarity). Phylogenetic analysis(More)
Interleukins 4 and 13 (IL-4 and IL-13) are related cytokines important for Th2 immune responses and encoded by adjacent genes on human chromosome 5. Efforts were made previously to detect these genes in fish, but research was hampered by a lack of sequence conservation. A Tetraodon nigrovirides (green spotted pufferfish) gene was annotated as IL-4 by Li et(More)
Like mammalian leucocytes, white blood cells of fish are able to kill altered (e.g. virus-infected) and foreign (allogeneic or xenogeneic) cells. The existence of natural killer (NK)-like and specific cytotoxic cells in fish was first shown using allogeneic and xenogeneic effector/target cell systems. In addition to in vivo and ex vivo studies, very(More)
In teleost fish, a novel gene G6F-like was identified, encoding a type I transmembrane molecule with four extracellular Ig-like domains and a cytoplasmic tail with putative tyrosine phosphorylation motifs including YxN and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). G6F-like maps to a teleost genomic region where stretches corresponding to(More)
In the adaptive immune system of mammals, naive helper T (Th) cells differentiate into Th1 or Th2 cells. The T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet) is a member of a family of T-box transcription factors that regulates the expression of IFN-gamma and plays a crucial role in Th1 cell differentiation and cell-mediated immunity. We cloned and sequenced T-bet cDNA(More)
Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the causative agent of coldwater disease, which is responsible for serious losses in fish aquaculture in several parts of the world. No commercial vaccines are currently available for the prevention of coldwater disease. The present study sought to assess the efficacy of a F. psychrophilum vaccine based on the antigenic outer(More)
The presence of helper and cytotoxic T cells in fish has been suggested, although T cell subsets have yet to be identified at the cellular level. In order to investigate the functions of CD4 and CD8α positive T cells we attempted to produce and characterize monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against teleost CD4 and CD8α. Here we report the successful production(More)
CD8, belonging to the TCR complex, is the main marker molecule of CTLs. Although CD8 genes have been detected in many fish species, the analysis of teleost CD8+ cells has been limited because of the lack of antibodies. Using newly established mAbs against rainbow trout CD8α, we found high ratios of CD8α+ cells in trout thymus, gill and intestine, but(More)