Learn More
A simple and rapid method for analysis of fish blood cells is presented. Carp (Cyprinus carpio) blood was diluted 200 times with Hanks' solution containing 1 microg/ml of DiOC6(3) which is a fluorescent, lipophilic dye. After staining for 10 min, the blood cells were measured by a flow cytometer (FACS). Several blood cell populations were identified by(More)
In the adaptive immune system of mammals, naive helper T (Th) cells differentiate into Th1 or Th2 cells. The T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet) is a member of a family of T-box transcription factors that regulates the expression of IFN-gamma and plays a crucial role in Th1 cell differentiation and cell-mediated immunity. We cloned and sequenced T-bet cDNA(More)
GATA3, a transcriptional activator, plays a critical role in the development of T-cells and differentiation to T helper type 2 cells. To date, no information is available on the role of GATA3 in the teleost immune system. We identified full-length cDNA and alternatively spliced variants of ginbuna crucian carp GATA3 (gbGATA3). The gbGATA3 gene is(More)
In rainbow trout there is only one dominant classical MHC class I locus, Onmy-UBA, for which four very different allelic lineages have been described. The purpose of the present study was to determine if Onmy-UBA polymorphism could be used for strain characterisation. This was performed by lineage-specific PCR investigation of 30 fish, each of the Nikko and(More)
Interleukins 4 and 13 (IL-4 and IL-13) are related cytokines important for Th2 immune responses and encoded by adjacent genes on human chromosome 5. Efforts were made previously to detect these genes in fish, but research was hampered by a lack of sequence conservation. A Tetraodon nigrovirides (green spotted pufferfish) gene was annotated as IL-4 by Li et(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was discovered as the first cytokine that inhibited the random migration of macrophages. Recently, MIF has been reported to be involved in embryonic development in higher vertebrates. In fish, however, nothing is known about the function of MIF at early life stages, although immunological functions of MIF have(More)
We report the in vivo role of specific cytotoxic cells in protecting fish from acute viral infections. Specifically, we found that (1) there is an inverse relationship between cytotoxic activities and viral load and (2) adoptive transfer of immune leukocytes prevented viral infection. Crucian carp hematopoietic necrosis virus (CHNV), which has a virulence(More)
Diseases in fish are serious problems for the development of aquaculture. The outbreak of fish disease is largely dependent on environmental and endogenous factors resulting in opportunistic infection. Recent studies, particularly on stress response, have revealed that bidirectional communication between the endocrine and immune systems via hormones and(More)
The classical MHC class I genes have been known to be highly polymorphic in various vertebrates. To date, putative allelic sequences of the classical MHC class I genes in teleost fish have been reported in several studies. However, the establishment of their allelic status has been hampered in most cases by the lack of appropriate genomic information. In(More)
In teleost fish, a novel gene G6F-like was identified, encoding a type I transmembrane molecule with four extracellular Ig-like domains and a cytoplasmic tail with putative tyrosine phosphorylation motifs including YxN and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). G6F-like maps to a teleost genomic region where stretches corresponding to(More)