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Chii, the Japanese term for 'lichen', is widely used in contemporary East Asia. However, precisely when and by whom this term was first used to refer to lichen is not known. In addition, Japanese botanists from the 1880s to the 1950s had doubts regarding whether Chii was an accurate translation of lichen, given that Chii originally referred to moss that(More)
In China, present-day, the tree peony is not only being used in traditional medicine, but has also been extolled to a status equivalent to that of a national flower. This plant is now called mudan in the Chinese language, although it seems disputable what plant mudan originally referred to. Particularly, the botanical accounts on mudan in the Newly Revised(More)
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