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Fish oil rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases partly by reduction of blood triglyceride concentration. This favorable effect mainly results from the combined effects of inhibition of lipogenesis by decrease of SREBP-1 and stimulation of fatty acid oxidation by activation of peroxisome(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha)activators, fish oil feeding, or fibrate administration up-regulated mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP2) mRNA expression in mouse liver by 5-9-fold, whereas tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) also up-regulated UCP2 in liver. In this study, the mechanisms for PPARalpha activators-induced(More)
Exercise increases utilization of lipids and carbohydrates in skeletal muscles. After exercise, replenishment of glycogen and triglyceride occurs in skeletal muscles. To elucidate the mechanism of lipid filling effect after exercise training, expression patterns of genes related to triglyceride synthesis were examined under several exercise conditions. Mice(More)
Rodents fed fish oil showed less obesity with a reduction of triglyceride synthesis in liver, relative to other dietary oils, along with a decrease of mature form of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) and activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). Decrease of mature SREBP-1 protein by fish oil feeding was(More)
Body fat accumulation and bone loss are both often associated with estrogen deficiency following menopause. In this study, we examined whether soy isoflavone, one of the phytoestrogens, and moderate exercise interventions exhibit cooperative effects on body composition and bone mass in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. Eight-week-old female mice were assigned to 6(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are crucial regulators of gene expression in transcriptional co-repressor complexes. Previously, we reported that HDAC4 was a basal repressor of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) transcription and parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates HDAC4 to control MMP-13 promoter activity through dissociation from Runx2. Here, we show that(More)
High-fish oil feeding and fasting down-regulate sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) mRNA level and suppress lipogenesis in mouse liver. Previous promoter analysis revealed that liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha)/retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha) complex was required for SREBP-1c gene expression in cell culture. In in vitro studies,(More)