Teruya Komano

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Abscisic acid (ABA) is a plant hormone involved in seed development and responses to various environmental stresses. Oxidation of abscisic aldehyde is the last step of ABA biosynthesis and is catalysed by aldehyde oxidase (EC We have reported the occurrence of three isoforms of aldehyde oxidase, AOalpha, AObeta and AOgamma, in Arabidopsis thaliana(More)
Cyclosporin A, a cyclic undecapeptide, and FK506 are efficient immunosuppressive agents. They also attract attention as effective P-glycoprotein modulators that inhibit P-glycoprotein from binding to anticancer drugs and overcome multidrug resistance. Cyclosporin A itself interacts with a common binding site of P-glycoprotein to which Vinca alkaloids and(More)
This article represents the first evidence that the renal secretion of the commonly used drug, digoxin, is mediated by P-glycoprotein. In this study, it was demonstrated that digoxin is a substrate of P-glycoprotein, and the mechanism of a clinically important drug interaction, such as digoxin-quinidine, was elucidated. Human P-glycoprotein was expressed on(More)
We expressed human MDR1 cDNA isolated from the human adrenal gland in porcine LLC-PK1 cells. A highly polarized epithelium formed by LLC-GA5-COL300 cells that expressed human P-glycoprotein specifically on the apical surface showed a multidrug-resistant phenotype and had 8.3-, 3.4-, and 6.5-fold higher net basal to apical transport of 3H-labeled cortisol,(More)
Using degenerate primers designed by deduced amino acid sequences of known aldehyde oxidases (AO) from maize and bovine, two independent cDNA fragments were amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The two corresponding full-length cDNAs (atAO-1 and atAO-2; 4,484 and 4,228 bp long, respectively) were cloned by screening the(More)
The genes psbB, psbH, petB and petD for the components in photosystem II and the cytochrome b6/f complex are clustered and co-transcribed in liverwort Marchantia polymorpha chloroplasts. On the opposite DNA strand in the spacer region between the genes psbB and psbH, we deduced an open reading frame consisting of 43 sense codons, and designated it as the(More)
To investigate the biochemical and enzymatic properties of two aldehyde oxidase (AO) isoforms of Arabidopsis thaliana, we expressed AAO1 and AAO2 cDNAs in a heterologous yeast (Pichia pastoris) system and successfully obtained the proteins in active forms. The expressed AAO1 and AAO2 proteins gave activity bands with the same mobilities on native gel(More)
A gene encoding embryonic chicken pepsinogen (ECPg), a zymogen of the digestive enzyme pepsin, is expressed specifically in epithelial cells of glands of embryonic stage proventriculus (glandular stomach) under the influence of mesenchyme. We found four GATA and one Sox binding motifs in 1.1 kb of the 5' flanking region of the ECPg gene which are essential(More)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), a member of the ABC superfamily transporters, functions as an ATP-dependent efflux pump that extrudes cytotoxic drugs from the cells. Although glutathione has been considered to play an important role in the function of MRP, there is no convincing evidence that glutathione directly interacts with MRP. Here we(More)
In CFTR, a member of the ABC superfamily and a chloride channel, amino acid substitutions in its transmembrane domains 1 and 6 (TM1, TM6) have been reported to modulate the anion selectivity or ion conductance of the ion channel. In P-glycoprotein, no amino acid substitution in TM1, but some in TM6, have been reported to modify the substrate specificity of(More)