Teruo Sugawara

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The incidence of endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer in Japan has been increasing in recent years. Results of epidemiologic studies suggest that the onset and multiplication of these cancers are associated with estrogen. Estrogens are metabolized by cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and converted into catecholestrogens, which are carcinogens. CYP1A1 has(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein plays a key role in the transport of cholesterol from the outer mitochondrial membrane to the inner membrane. A StAR mutant protein lacking the first 62 amino acids (N-62 StAR protein) has been reported to be as effective as wild-type StAR protein. In the present study, we examined the mechanism by which StAR(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein plays a critical role in the movement of cholesterol from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane. Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) controls basal and cAMP-stimulated transcription of the StAR gene. The 1.3-kb StAR promoter has three SF-1 binding sites, and two consensus transcription factor Spl binding(More)
A major question is whether exposure to mixtures of low-dose endocrine disruptors (EDs) having different action mechanisms affects neurodevelopment differently than exposure to EDs individually. We therefore investigated the effects of fetal and neonatal exposure to three typical EDs - bisphenol A (BPA), di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), and(More)
Coregulators have been suggested to act as a bridging apparatus between nuclear receptors and the transcriptional machinery. The orphan receptor SF-1 plays a role in controlling the basal and cAMP-stimulated expression of the human steroidogenic acute regulatory protein gene. DAX-1 is the gene responsible for X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita and blocks(More)
UNLABELLED In 1976, men who were exposed to the highest concentrations of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) after an explosion at a chemical plant near Seveso, Italy, produced more girls than boys. However, few studies have examined the possibility that the exposure of laboratory animals to TCDD, especially that of males, could lead to a lower(More)
The steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein is a rate-limiting factor in steroid hormone production. The StAR protein plays a role in the movement of cholesterol from the outer membrane to the inner membrane, where cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme exists. Dioxins, which may act as 'endocrine disruptors', mimic and antagonize endogenous hormone(More)
For the purpose of investigation of working mechanisms in endocrine disruptors, we evaluated the dose-related effects of fetal and/or neonatal exposure to an estrogenic compound on the male reproductive organs in adult mice, particularly with respect to gene expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). The pregnant ICR mice were given(More)
AIMS To investigate the precise mechanisms underlying the action of estrogenic endocrine disruptors, we evaluated the direct effects of synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) on steroidogenesis in Leydig cells, with particular emphasis on the expression of the cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme P450scc. Furthermore, the mechanism underlying the(More)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and catalyzes desulfation of 3beta-hydroxysteroid sulfates. X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is an inherited skin disorder caused by deficiency of STS enzyme activity. We previously reported a case in which XLI with a one-base change in the STS gene and variation in amino acid Q560P developed. In(More)